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Purple Module

Purple Module Ear

anacusis Complete deafness
antiemetics Treat & prevent nausea/vomiting/vertigo by reducing the sensitivity of the inner ear.
audiometry Measurement of hearing acuity at various sound wave frequencies.
audition Hearing
caloric stimulation test Test using different water temperatures on the vestibular portion of the nerve of the inner ear to determine if nerve damage is the cause of vertigo.
cerumen Waxy secretion.
cochlea Snail shaped structure in the inner ear.
cochlea implant Artificial hearing device that electrically stimulates nerves in the inner ear.
conduction impairment Blocking of sound waves that pass through the external and middle ear.
ear canal Slender tube lined with glands that sound waves travel to the middle ear.
equilibrium State of balance controlled by the semicircular canals and the vestibule.
Eustachian tube A tube connecting the nose and throat with the cavity of the middle ear.
eustachitis Inflammation of the eustachian tube.
hairs of Corti Tiny nerve ending in the cochlea combined with cochlea fluid to generate nerve impulses to the brain via the auditory nerve.
incus One of three bones in the middle ear; shaped like an anvil.
labyrinth Series of intricate communicating passages.
labyrinthitis Inflammation of the inner ear usually resulting from an acute febrile process.
malleus One of three bones in the middle ear; shaped like a hammer.
mastoid antrotomy Surgical opening of a cavity in the mastoid process.
mastoid process One of the temperal bones which encloses the sinuses.
Meniere disease Disorder of the labyrinth that leads to progressive loss of hearing.
noise-induced hearing loss Condition caused by the destruction of hair cells (from too loud, too long, too close).
ossicles Three tiny articulating bones in the middle ear.
otalgia Ear pain
otitis externa Infection of the external auditory canal.
otitis media Inflammation of the middle ear.
otoplasty Corrective surgery - pinna.
otopyorrhea Discharge of pus from the ear.
otosclerosis Hardening of the spongy bone around the oval window of the ear causing hearing loss.
otoscopy Visual examination of the external auditory canal& tympanic membrane with an otoscope.
perilymph Fluid found in the cochlea. (resembles spinal fluid)
prebycusis Impairment of hearing - old age.
pressure-equalizing tubes Tubes inserted through the tympanic membrane.(treat chronic otits media)
semicircular canals One of the three structures in the inner ear, responsible for balance.
stapes One of the three bones in the middle ear, shaped like stirrups.
tinnitus Perception of ringing in the ears or head.
tympanoplasty Reconstruction of the eardrum.
vertigo Feeling of spinning or dizziness.
vestibule A chamber joining the cochlea and semicircular canals.
acuity Clearness, sharpness of a sensory function.
adnexa Tissues/structures adjacent to/near a related structure.
anosmia Loss of sense of smell.
articulating Loosely joined/allows motion between parts.
gustation Taste
humor Any fluid or semifluid.
olfaction Smell
olfactory Pertaining to smell.
tunic Layer of tissue; also called membrane layer.
Created by: Barbara Ross