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ch2+3 terms

TermDefinition
bay partof a large body of water that extends into the shoreline
channel wide straitr or waterway between 2 landmasses that lie close to eac other.
climate usual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time
current moving streams of water in the worlds ocean; affects climate
drought long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage
elevation height above sea level
landform individual features of the land
gulf part of a large body of water that enstends inland; larger than a bay
harbor a sheltered place along a shore line where ships can anchor saftely
hurricane violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall
island land completely surrounded by water
lake a sizeable inland body of water
high-latitude climate cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the north pole and from 60 degrees south to the south pole
highland climate cool or cold climate that veries with elevation (like high up inthe mountains)
tropical climate warm year round extends from the equator to tropic of cancer and from the equator to the tropic of capricorn
mid- latitude climate temperate climate extend from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 degrees south to 60 degrees south
prevailing wind movements of air that travel around the Earth in a typical pattern
El Nino Caused by the combination of temperature wind and water from when cold winds from the north are weak. Pacific ocean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 years
La Nina Eastern winds become strong and opposite of El Nino occurs- pacific ocean gets colder
Dry climate dry to partially dry areas withlittle to no rain; temperatures can range from very cold to very hot
typhoon name for a hurricane in Asia
tornado funnel shaped wind storm; sometimes formed during a thunderstorm
tropics low latitude region between the tropic of cancer and the tropic of capricorn
mountain land with steep sides that rise sharply from from surrounding land
mountain range a series of connecting mountains
monsoon seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time
weather unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time
peninsula body of land jutting out into a lake or ocean surrounded on 3 sides by water
plain are of low land at low elevation; covered with grass
plateau flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 300- 3,000 feet high
Created by: MeggieLB