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final review I

chapter terms 2 and 3

TermDefinition
bay 2 part of a large body of water that extends into the shoreline
channel 2 wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other
climate usual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time
current moving streams of water in the worlds oceans; affects climate
drought long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage
elevation2 height above sea level
landform 2 individual features of the land
gulf 2 part of a large body of water that enstends inland; larger than a bay
harbor 2 a sheltered place along a shoreline were ships can anchor safely
hurricane violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall
island 2 land completely surrounded by water
lake 2 a sizeabsle inland body od water
high-latitude climate cold climate lies form 60 degrees north to the North Pole and from 60 degrees south to the South Pole
highland climate cool and cold climate that varies wi4th elevation (like high up in the mountains)
tropical climate warm year rounds extends from the equator to the Tropic of cancer (23 1/2 degrees north) from the equator to the Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees south)
mid-latitude climate temperate climate (thinks seasons) extend from 23 1/2 degrees north to e460 degrees north and from 23 1/2 degrees south to 60 degrees south
prevailing wind movements of air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern.
El Nino Caused by the combination of temperarture wind and water.
El nino cent. formed when cold winds from the norht are week. Pacific oceean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 weeks.
La nina Eastern winds become strong and the opposite of El nino occurs-Pacific gets colder
dry climate dry to partially dry areas with little to no rain; temperaters can range from cold to very oht.
typhoon name for a hurricanae.
tornado funnel-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm.
tropics low attitude region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Cancer.
mountain 2 land with steep sides that rise shrply (1,000 ft. or more) from surrounding land
mountain range 2 a series of connected mountains.
monsoon seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time.
weather unpredicteble changes in the air that take place in a short period of time.
peninsula 2 body of lang jutting out into that take place in a short period of time.
plain 2 area of low land at low elevation; covered with grass.
plateau 2 flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 300-3,000 ft. high.
physical feature 2 characteristics of a place-naturally occuring like landforms, climate, resources.
river 2 large natural stream of water that runs through land.
sea 2 large body of water partially or competely surrounded by land.
strait 2 narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water.
ocean 2 one of the four major bodies of salt water that surrounded the continents.
volcano 2 mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
valley 2 area of lowland between hills and mountains.
Created by: TrinityBrooks