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PHS Final


Right Atrium chamber that receives oxygen-poor blood from the body
Mitral Valve controls blood flow between the left atrium and left ventricle
Left Ventricle chamber that pumps oxygen-rich blood to the body
Vena Cava inferior and superior blood vessels that receive oxygen-poor blood from the body
Pulmonary Veins blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the lungs
Aortic Valve controls blood flow between the left ventricle and aorta
Pulmonary Arteries blood vessels that carry oxygen-poor blood to the lungs
Tricuspid Valve controls blood flow between the right atrium and right ventricle
Pulmonary Valve controls blood flow between the right ventricle and pulmonary arteries
Left Atrium chamber that receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs
Right Ventricle chamber that pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs
Aorta blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood to be distributed throughout the body
Arteries blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Veins blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart
Larynx Voicebox (vocal cords vibrate to produce sound)
Pharynx Passageway for food and air
Trachea Windpipe
Diaphragm Muscle that controls inspiration and expiration
Nasal Cavity Where cilia trap dirt and particles from air
Nose Where air enters
Sinuses Cavities in the skull that warm/moisten air and help with voice resonance
Lungs Organs of respiration
Alveoli Clusters of thin-walled sacs that exchange air.
Bronchus Lower end of the windpipe that divide into the lungs
Physical wellness maintaining a healthy body and seeking care when needed
Social wellness helps you perform social roles effectively and comfortably, and create a support network
Intellectual Wellness involves having an open mind when you encounter new ideas and continuing to expand your knowledge
Emotional Wellness relates to understanding your feelings and coping effectively with stress
Occupational Wellness is about enjoying your occupational endeavors and appreciating your contributions
Spiritual Wellness allows you to develop a set of values that help you seek meaning and purpose
Environmental Wellness encourages you to respect the delicate balance between the environment and ourselves
Ancient Times (4000-3000BC) Illness/disease caused by supernatural spirits and demons
Hippocrates "Father of Medicine"
Sign Objective patient observation
Symptom Subjective patient observation
Sign Fever
Symptom Pain
Sign Swollen ankle
Symptom Nausea
Ancient Romans Established hospitals (for injured soldiers)
Ancient Romans Developed public sanitation systems (aqueducts for clean water, sewers for waste)
Dark Ages (400-800 AD) Emphasis on saving soul and study of medicine prohibited
Middle Ages (800-1400 AD) Bubonic plague killed 75% of population in Europe and Asia
Renaissance (1350-1650AD) The rebirth of science & medicine; dissection of the human body began
Ambroise Pare Father of modern Surgery
Ignaz Semmelweiss Encouraged hand-washing
Joseph Lister First doctor to use antiseptic during surgery
Sir Alexander Fleming Discovered penicillin
Long-term healthcare facility Provides care for elderly, people with physical or mental disabilities and people with chronic or long-term illness.
Emergency Care Provide special care for accidents or sudden illness (risk of losing life, limb or eye sight)
Medical Offices Provide diagnosis, treatment, examination, basic laboratory testing & minor surgery; usually operated by a group of group of physicans
Clinics Provide a variety of OUTPATIENT services
Medical Labs where diagnostic test are processed (usually blood or urine specimens)
Dental Labs where implants, dentures and other corrective devices for the mouth are made
Home Health Care Provide care to patients who are terminally ill
Palliative Care Comfort care for the terminally ill
Mental Health Provide care of patients who have mental illness and disorders
Genetic Counseling Centers Provide testing & counseling to individuals or couples who are pregnant or considering pregnancy
Rehabilitation Provide services to help patients with physical or mental disabilities develop maximum ability for self-care
Associate's Degree awarded by vocational/technical school or community college; requires completion of prescribed two-year course of study
Bachelor's Degree Awarded by college or university; requires completion of prescribed course of study that usually lasts for four or more years
Master's Degree Awarded by a college or university; requires completion of one ore more years beyond a bachelor's degree
Doctorate Degree Awarded by college or university; requires completion of two or more years beyond a bachelor's or master's degree; some require four to six years of additional study
Professional 4 years of college (bachelor's) and an advanced degree; examples: dentist, physician, nurse
Therapeutic Services Cluster/Pathway Maintain or change the health status of the patient over time; examples: nurse, physician, physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech therapist
Diagnostic Services Cluster/Pathway Create a picture of patient health at a single point and time; examples: Electroencephalographic technologist, medical laboratory technician, radiologic technician
Health Informatics Cluster/Pathway Provide functions that support and document patient care; examples: admitting clerk, epidemiologist, medical librarian
Support Services Cluster/Pathway Provide a therapeutic environment for the delivery of health care; examples: central supply worker, housekeeper
Biotechnology Research & Development Cluster/Pathway (Environmental) uses scientific and technical advancements to enhance diagnostic and therapeutic abilities in health care; examples: biomedical engineer, forensic scientist
Identifying with another person's feelings is? Empathy
Having integrity and being truthful (admitting mistakes so they can be corrected) is? Honesty
Being reliable in work performance (perform assigned tasks on time and accurately is? Dependability
Being qualified and capable to perform a task is? Competence
Using comments of others, constructive or negative to improve performance is? Acceptance of criticism
being able to determine things that must be done and doing them without constant direction (ability to begin and follow through with a task) is? Self-motivation
Saying or doing the right thing in a situation is? Tact
Being tolerant and understanding (learning to deal with frustration and overcoming obstacles) is? Patience
Being accountable for actions and behavior is? Responsibility
Using good judgment in actions and words (observing the patient's right to confidential care and watching what you say and do) is? Discretion
Democratic leadership is? Encourages the participation of all individuals in decisions.
Laissez-Faire leadership is? Hands-off leader, will have minimal rules, group functions with little or no direction.
Autocratic leadership is? maintains total rule, makes all decisions (dictator).
Tort is? A civil wrong; where a person's behavior has caused someone harm.
Negligence is? Failure to give care that is normally expected of a person in a particular position with resulting injury to another person (ex: Bath water too hot.
Malpractice is? Failure of a professional to use the skill/learning normally expected in a particular profession resulting in injury, loss, or damage to the person receiving care; "professional negligence" (ex: Amputating the wrong limb).
Abuse is? Any action that results in physical harm, pain or mental anguish.
Assault is? Any threat/attempt to injure another person.
Battery is? Unlawful touching of another person without their permission (Ex: performing a procedure on a patient without their consent).
Invasion of privacy is? Unnecessary exposure of an individual or revealing personal information about an individual without permission (Ex: not closing the door during a patient exam).
False imprisonment is? Restraining an individual or restricting an individual's freedom by making statements that are false.
Slander is? Spoken defamation
Libel is? Written defamation.
Infancy (Birth to 1 year) Physical (rapid growth); Mental (become aware of their surroundings); Emotional (begin to show emotions) Social (Self-centered to recognition of others)
Early Childhood (1-6 years) Physical (bladder/bowel control & mature muscular system); Mental (rapid verbal growth); Emotional (Self-awareness & learning to control emotions); Social (Separation anxiety & play alongside kids)
Late Childhood (6-12 years) Physical (muscular coordination = sports & activities); Mental (learn problem solving); Emotional (distinct personality); Social (shift from individual activities to group & make friends)
Adolescence (12-20 years) Physical (puberty); Mental (increase knowledge & skills); Emotional (establishing self-identity); Social (more peer association)
Early adulthood (20-40 years) Physical (development complete & childbearing years); Mental (college, marriage, career, family decisions); Emotional (many stressors); Social (away from peer groups toward own mate/family)
Middle adulthood (40-65 years) Physical (graying hair, wrinkles, muscle tone loss & decrease in hormones); Mental (understanding of life & self and able cope with stress); Emotional (period of satisfaction); Social (family relationships decline)
Late Adulthood (65+ years) Physical (decline of body systems); Mental (short-term memory decline); Emotional (Distress - retirement, death of spouse, financial concerns & physical changes); Social (loss of self-identity w/retirement & isolation)
PASS Acronym used in fire safety to on fire extinguisher use: Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep
RACE Fire safety acronym: Rescue, Alarm, Contain & Evacuate
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet used by chemical manufacture to describe safe use of the chemical
Ergonomics An applied science use to promote safety and well-being of a person by adapting the environment and using techniques to prevent injuries.
Standard Precautions Rules developed by CDC in which all bodily fluids must be considered potentially infectious.
Complementary & Alternative Medicine (CAM) Using therapies such as acupuncture or chiropractic treatments instead of/in addition to traditional medicine.
Geriatric Care Specialized care for the aging population (elderly)
Holistic Health (or wellness) Emphasizes body wholeness; Physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual health
Preventing Illness Providing patient education for lifestyle modifications before any disease can occur.
Outpatient Services providing care to a patient without being admitted to a healthcare facility (hospital)
Created by: vorachekt