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Final Exam Review

Unit 1 Chapter 2&3 Vocab

TermDefinition
Bay Part of A large body of water that extends into the shoreline.
Channel Wide Strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other.
Climate Usual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time.
Current Moving streams of water in the world's oceans;affects climate.
Drought Long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage.
Elevation Height above sea level.
Landform Individual features of the land.
Gulf Part of a large body of water that enstends inland; larger than a bay.
Harbor A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely.
Hurricane Violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall.
Island Land completely surronded by waater
Lake A sizeable inland body of water.
High-Latitude Climate Cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the North Pole and from 60 degrees south to South Pole.
Highland Climate Cool or Cold climate that varies with elevation ( like high up in the mountains.)
Tropical climate Warm year round extends from the equator to the tropic of cancer (23 1/2 degrees north) and from the equator to the Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees south)
Mid-latitude Climate Temperature climate (think seasons) extends from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 south to 60 degrees south.
El Nino Caused by the combination of temperature wind and water.Formed when cold winds from the north are weak. Pacific Ocean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 years.
La Nina Eastern winds become strong and the opposite of El Nino occurs-Pacific ocean gets colder.
Dry Climate dry due to partially dry areas with little to no rain; temperatures can range from very cold to very hot.
Typhoon Name for a hurricane in Asia
Tornado funnel-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm.
Tropics Low latitude region between the tropic of cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
Mountain Land with steep sides that rise sharply (1,000 ft or more) from surrounding land.
Mountain Range A series of connected mountains
Monsoon Seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time.
Weather Unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time.
Peninsula A body of land surrounded by three sides of water.
Plain Area of low land at low elevation; covered with grass.
Plateau Flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 30 ft high0- 30,000
Physical Feature Characteristics of a place naturally occuring landforms climate & resources.
River Large natural stream of water that runs through land.
Sea Large body of water partially or completely surrounded by land.
Strait Narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
Ocean One of four major bodies of water that surround the continents
Volcano Mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
Valley Area of lowland between hills and mountains.
Created by: SimeonD