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finalexam review 1

chap 2 and 3 vocab

TermDefinition
Bay part of a large body of water that extends into the shoreline
Channel wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other
Climate usual predicatble pattern of weather over a long period of time
current moving streams of water in the world's ocean; affects climate
drought long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage
elevation height above sea level
landform individual features of the land gulf
gulf part of a large body along a shoreline where ships can anchor safety
harbor a sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely
hurricane violent tropical dtorm with high winds and heavy rainfall
island land completely surrounded by water
lake a sizeable inland body water
high-latitude climate cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the North Pole and 60 degrees south to the South Pole
highland climate cool or cold climate that varies with elevation
tropical climate warm year round extends from the equator to the Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees north) and from the equator to the Tropic of capicorn (23 1/2 degrees south)
mid- latitude climate temp climate extend from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 degrees south to 60 degreees south
prevailing wind movements of air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern
El Nino caused by combination of temp. wind and water formed when cold winds from the north are weak. Pacific ocean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 years.
La Nina Eatern winds become strong and toe opposite of El Nina occurs- Pacific Ocean gets cooler.
dry climate dry to partically dry areas with little to no rain; temperatures can range from very cold to very hot
typhoon name for a hurricane in Asia
tornado funnel- shapped windstrom; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm
tropics low latitude region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Cspricorn
mountain land with steeo sides that rise sharply (1,000ft or more) from surronding land
mountain range a series of connected mountains
monsoon seasonal wind that blow over a continent for a long period of time
weather unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time
peninsula body of land jutting out into a lake or an ocena surrouned on three sides by water
plain area of low land at low elevation;covered with grass
plateau flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 300- 30000 ft high
physiccal feature characteristics of a place- naturally occurring like landforms climate, resources
river large body of water partially or competely surrouned by land
sea narrow stretch of water joining teo larger bodies of water
strait narrow stretch of water joing two larger bodies of water
ocean one of the for major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
volcano mountain created a liqid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
valley area of lowland between hills and mountains
Created by: kyla09