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Pharm Lesson 11

The following are activities related to the key terms for the chapter.

Adverse reactions A list of possible unpleasant or dangerous secondary effects, other than the desired effect
Aminoglycosides Drugs used in combination with other antibiotics that treat many infections caused by gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria
Anaphylaxis Allergic hypersensitivity reaction of the body to a foreign substance or drug- Mild symptoms include rash, itching, and hives- Severe symptoms include dyspnea, chest constriction, cardiopulmonary collapse, and death
Antifungals Medications used in the treatment of candidal and other specific susceptible fungi
Antiretroviral (ARV) agents Agents that act against retroviruses such as HIV
Antituberculosis agents Medications used to treat asymptomatic infection, and to treat active clinical tuberculosis and prevent relapse
Antiviral Medications used to treat viruses, for example, HIV and herpes
Broad-spectrum Antibiotic effective against a large variety of organisms
Carbapenems A class of broad-spectrum antibiotic drugs derived from cephalosporins that resist degradation by bacterial beta-lactamases
Cephalosporins Semisynthetic antibiotic derivatives produced by a fungus
Culture and sensitivity (C & S) Culture and sensitivity test to identify a causative infectious organism and the specific medicine to which it is sensitive
Direct toxicity Drug that results in tissue damage; may or may not be permanent
Empiric Best guess therapy based on history and available clinical information
Hypersensitivity Allergic or excessive response of the immune system to a drug or chemical
Macrolides Drugs used in many infections of the respiratory tract, for skin conditions such as acne, or for some sexually transmitted infections when the patient is allergic to penicillin
Opportunistic infections Infections that occur because the immune system is compromised
Penicillins Antibiotics produced from certain species of a fungus
Quinolones Drugs used in adults for the treatment of some infections of the urinary tract, lower respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, skin, bones, and joints
Resistance An organism’s lack of response to antibiotics when they are used too often or treatment is incomplete
Sulfonamides Anti-infectives used in combinations with other drugs to slow the development of resistance; used in treatment of urinary tract infections, enteritis, and opportunistic infections of AIDS
Superinfection A new infection with different resistant bacteria or fungi-Usually associated with certain types of antibiotic therapy
Tetracyclines Broad-spectrum antibiotics used in the treatment of infections caused by rickettsia, chlamydia, or some uncommon bacteria
Urinary anti-infectives Drugs used for initial or recurrent urinary tract infections caused by susceptible organisms, usually bacteriostatic instead of bactericidal
Vaccines Suspensions containing antigenic molecules derived from a microorganism, given to stimulate an immune response to an infectious disease
Created by: jillcyr