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Chapter six

Chapter six vocabulary words

amphiarthroses slightly movable joints such as the two public bones.
appendicular skeleton the bones of the upper and lower extremities of the body.
articular cartilage cartilage covering the joint ends of the bones.
articulation joints
axial skeleton the bones of the head, neck, and torso
canaliculi an extremely narrow tubular passage or channel in compact bone.
chondrocytes cartilage cells.
compact bone dense bone.
diaphysis shaft of a long bone
diarthroses freely movable joint.
epiphyses end of a long bone.
fontanels the soft spots on the top of an infants head.
hemopoiesis blood cell formation.
lacunae small spaces in the hard layer of the lamella
lamella thin layers, as of bone.
medullary cavity hollow area inside the diaphysis of the bone that contains yellow bone marrow.
osteoblasts bone-forming cell
osteoclasts bone-absorbing cell.
osteocytes bone cell.
osteon tub like circular composed of calcified matrix.
pectoral girdle shoulder girdle; the scalpula and clavicle
pelvic girdle the lower portion of the ventral cavity; the distal portion of the abdominopelvic cavity.
periosteum tough, connective tissue covering the bone.
red bone marrow soft connective tissue inside the hard walls of some bones.
sinus a space or cavity inside the cranial bone.
skull the cranium.
spinal cavity the space inside the spinal column through which the spinal cord passes.
synarthroses a joint in which fibrous connective tissue joins bones and holds them together tightly; commonly called sutures.
synovial membrane connective tissue membrane lining the spaces between bones and joints that secretes synovial fluid.
thorax chest.
trabeculae needle like threads of spongy bones that surround a network of spaces.
yellow bone marrow an inactive, fatty form of marrow found in the adult skeleton.
Created by: JoeyComeau