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Geography 2000

Chapter 1 "Europe"

The following are statements describing the demographic and economic conditions which may be generally ascribed to the European Realm. Which one is inaccurate? *B. Levels of economic development in Europe decline from east to west.
Europe’s relative location: *D. is one of centrality within the land hemisphere
Continentality refers to: *A. more extreme climates located inland
The major chain of mountains in Europe is referred to as the: *A. Alpines
Which of the following is not in the Western Uplands? Switzerland
The landform region predominating in the area to the north of the Alpine chain is the: *A. Central Uplands
The North European Lowland . is the most densely populated of Europe’s landscape regions
Such things as roads, railroads and ports are best defined as: . infrastructure
The geographic principle under which particular peoples and particular places concentrate on the production of particular goods is known as: . areal functional specialization
The emergence of modern Europe after the Dark Ages is known as the: Renaissance
Which of the following was not an objective of mercantilism? establishing Christianity throughout the world
The innermost land use ring of the von Thünen Model contains: intensive farming and dairying
Which of the following is not a feature of the original Isolated State Model? the need for constant territorial growth of producing areas
Von Thünen in his “Isolated State” argued that five belts of human activity would develop around the central town or city. The first (or nearest) of these is: . a zone of intensive agriculture and dairying
The industrial revolution in Europe: initially was focused in England, where machinery was invented and the use of steam to drive engines emerged
The economic geographer Alfred Weber is known for his contribution of: a set of principles governing the location of industry
Forces which concentrate particular industries in particular locations are: . agglomerative
Europe’s political revolution: . began in the 1780s with the French Revolution
Which of the following events occurred within the ten years following the onset of the French Revolution (1789)? A. the downfall of France's monarchy B. the establishment of the French nation-state C. the emergence of Napoleon as the leader of France *D. all of the above E. the founding of Paris
__________ forces tie a nation together. Centripetal
__________ forces are divisive to a nation Centrifugal
Which of the following is the strongest example of a European nation-state? Poland
Which of the following states is unilingual in that it possesses a single language spoken throughout its territory Austria
Which of the following languages is not a Slavic language? Romanian
Complementarity deals with the fact that commodity flows between A and B depend upon: a surplus of a commodity at place A and a deficit of the commodity at place B
The spatial interaction principle of complementarity: *C. describes trade in which one area specifically needs the surplus commodity of another area
An example of an intervening opportunity is: *A. Florida is an intervening opportunity for vacationers from New York considering a vacation in California
The three principles of spatial interaction are: None of the above!!!! :D
Which of the following is not a relatively recent example of European transportation improvements? magnetic levitation trains
A country's leading urban center, disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national feelings, such as Paris is to France, is known as the Primate City
31. Which of the following capital cities is not a primate city? Bern
The downtown area of a city is known as the: Central Business District
The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy is known as: Devolution
Which of the following is not an area of previous or potential devolution? Southern Sweden
Which of the following is not one of the four Motors of Europe? A. Tirane (Albania)
A Euroregion: *B. is a formal territorial entity straddling one of Europe’s traditional international
The US plan to aid Europe after World War II was known as the _______ Plan. Marshall Plan
Which of the following is not an example of European supranationalism? the solidarity labor movement
The voluntary association of three or more countries is known as: supranationalism
European supranationalism all began with: Benelux
The major competition to the original European Common Market was: A EFTA
The major factor keeping Eastern European countries out of the European Union is: *A. under the rules of the EU, richer countries must subsidize poorer countries
43. The Common Market evolved into the European Community. It is being replaced by: The European Union
The Treaty on European Unity was signed at Maaschrit
A country that was divided into two political units after World War II was: Germany
_______ dominates Western Europe demographically and economically. Germany
Which of the following is not a historically German industrial area? Po River Basin
The Ruhr industrial complex is linked via the Rhine River to: Rotterdam
Most foreign workers in Germany are of _________origin. Turkish
The major river in Germany, which enters the North Sea through the Netherlands and which passes through the Ruhr is the Rhine
Germany is divided into subdistricts called: landers
The current population of Germany is in excess of: 80 million
A city in Germany benefitting from the restoration of its hinterland as a result of the reunification of Germany is: Hamburg
German reunification . occurred in 1990 B. has led to a country with 16 lander C. made the Poles uneasy because of the territory Germany lost to Poland after WW II D. made the UK and France uneasy because of German economic power *E. all of the above are true
German reunification: All the above are true
The only European country with coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, and the North Sea is: France
Which of the following statements is false? *E. France has better harbors than does Germany.
France is divided into regions called: Regions
Which of the following rivers does not flow through French territory? B. the Danube
Which of the following is not a major French industry? Aluminium
_______ is a country which has continued to maintain a network of colonies and to take an intense interest in former colonies. France
Benelux refers to: *B. the Low Countries of Western Europe
Which of the following countries is not a signatory of the Benelux Agreement? *C. Liechtenstein
The administrative headquarters for the European Union and NATO is Brussels
. Lands reclaimed from the sea are known as: Polders
The Randstad is comprised of: *A. Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and The Hague
Europe’s busiest port, the shipping gateway for the Rhine and the Meuse Rivers is: Rotterdam
Which of the following European countries is landlocked? Switzerland
Which of the following statements is false . Europe may be delineated as a region due to its cultural homogeneity.
Which of the following statements is false? . Austria is multilingual and Switzerland is unilingual.
The European country that has purported to practice strict neutrality is: Switzerland
The easternmost city of Western Europe is: Vienna
The only Western European state that is not a member of the European Union is: Switzerland
Which of the following is not a portion of the United Kingdom? Republic of Ireland
The United Kingdom was often protected from European wars by the: English Channel
. Significant oil and natural gas supplies have been found beneath the: North Sea
In Scotland: All of the above
Which of the following is not a region of the United Kingdom? Ireland
The must rugged part of the United Kingdom is: Wales
81. An important coal mining area that has been ravaged by strip mines is: Wales
The major conurbation of London lies within which of the following regions? * A. Affluent Southern England
More than half of the population of Northern Ireland trace their ancestry to: Scotland or England
The population of Northern Ireland: dominated by protestants
A European country that has declined in population over the past centuries is: Ireland
As of 1998, the situation in Northern Ireland between Catholics and Protestants: *B. had reached the point where an agreement to end the conflict had been negotiated
The decline in population in the Republic of Ireland is in part due to: the potato famine
Norden: . has a largely inhospitable northern climate
Which of the following is not a Nordic country? Malta
All of the following help to unite some of the Norden countries except: Catholicism
An economic activity that is important in Norway, Sweden, and Finland is: forestry
Fjords are associated with which of the following countries? Norway
The Northern European country that has benefitted the most from North Sea oil is: Norway
The country located on the Jutland Peninsula and the smallest state (in area) in Norden is: Denmark
Copenhagen serves as: all of the above
Which country has the best agricultural economy? Denmark
Which Norden city serves as a break of bulk, or entrepôt, city? Copenhagen
Finland lost significant territories to: Russia
___________ has more in common with Finland than the other two Baltic states and is thus included as part of Northern Europe Estonia
Estonia was, at one time, part of the Kingdom of: Sweden
This former Soviet Republic is small in terms of population size, speaks a language related to Finnish, and is about 30 percent Russian: Estonia
Iceland’s chief economic activity is: fishing
The Norden country with the lowest population is: Iceland
The Iberian Peninsula is isolated from the rest of Europe by which mountain chain? Pyrenees
The most spatially discontinuous of the European regions is: Mediterranian Europe
The Mediterranean European country with the lowest percentage living in urban areas is: Portugal
The Tyrrhenian Sea lies between: Sardinia and Italy
Italy’s economic core, no longer focused on Rome, is located today in: Po River Valley
Which of the following cities is located in Italy’s core area? *A. Milan-Turin-Genoa
Southern Italy is known as the: *A. Mezzogiorno
Which country has the greatest potential for hydroelectric power? Italy
Northern and Southern Italy are divided by the: *D. Anacona Line
The southern part of Italy is to be helped by the discovery of: oil
. The Autonomous Community in eastern Spain just south of the Pyrenees Mountains Catalonia
. Spain is subdivided into subunits called: Autonomous
An ethnic minority in northeastern Spain that has a separatist movement is the: Basque
Spain’s leading industrial area is known as: Catalonia
____ on the Iberian peninsula is one of Europe’s poorer countries. Portugal
The largest Greek island is: Crete
This country was one of the cradles of western civilization and has had many conflicts with Turkey. Greece
The capital and primate city of Greece is: Athens
The Acropolis is found in which of the following countries? Greece
The island contested between Greece and Turkey is: Cyprus
The European region that has undergone the greatest political changes in the past five years is: Eastern Europe
Your textbook identifies Eastern Europe as a zone of politico-geographical splintering and fracturing, called a: shatter belt
The term “Balkanization” refers to: *D. the division and fragmentation of the Eastern Europe region
Which of the following is not a Baltic republic? Moldova
The Danube River empties into the: Black Sea
From the end of World War II until the 1990s, Eastern Europe was dominated by the: U.S.S.R
Which of the following was a Serbian dominated state established after World War I? Yugoslavia
Which of the following is not a state created in the mid-1990s? Poland
The leading manufacturing/industrial complex in Poland is located in: Silesia
The capital and leading city in Poland is: Warsaw
Traditionally, Poland was:
Created by: SamanthaAli