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mammography a specialized x-ray of the breast
hemoglobin (Hgb/Hb) anemia;hemorrahage
platelet count counts the number of platelets
arterial blood gases (ABGs) determines amount of O2 and CO2 dissolved in the blood
sputum test diagnose cause of chest infections
blood glucose levels diagnose metabolic diseases
midstream urine (MSU) diagnose urinary tract infections
hematologist diagnose, treatment, prevention, investigation of blood and lymphatic system disorders
gastroscopy esophagus, stomach and small intestine are viewed
partial thromboplastin time (PTT) evaluates clotting
pathologist examines tissue samples;performs autopsies
stress test exercise ECG
complete blood count (CBC) helps establish a diagnoses as part of a routine exam
homeostasis healthy body is in a state of equilibrium
stat immediately
electrolytes includes testing for sodium, potassium and chloride
radiologist interprets images of the human body
erthrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR/sed rate) measurement of the settling of RBCs
cardiac enzymes measure enzymes that can tell if a heart attack has occured
cholesterol/triglycerides measures types of fat in blood
glucose tolerance test (GTT) more detailed to diagnose diabetes
critical value one that indicates a life-threatening situation and requires immediate attention
blood cultures ordered if client is suspected of having septicemia
positron emission tomography produces three-dimensional images of cross-sections of body parts
electrocardiography (ECG/EKG) records the electrical activity of the heart
autopsy the examination of a body to determine the cause of death
reference range the normal range;the values expected for a particular test
bone mineral density test (BMD) used to check the density of bone in the spine and hip
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a magnetic field to produce images
ERCP uses an endoscope to visualize the liver and bile ducts
ultrasonography/ultrasound (US) uses high-frequence sound waves
echocardiogram(record)/echocardiography uses ultrasound waves to evaluate cardiac function
colonoscopy visual exam of the large intestine
barium enema visualizes the lower portion of the bowel
barium swallow x-ray of the throat and esophagus
semi Fowler position lying on the back with upper body raised 45 degrees
supine position lying on the back
Fowler position sitting at 90 degrees with feet and legs extended
dorsal recumbent position lying on back with slightly bent knees
knee-chest position head and chest on bed, buttocks raised, knees and feet on the bed
Sims position lying on side with top knee bent and on the bed, one arm behind and other bent, resting by head
lithotomy position position for gynecological exam
Trendelburg position laying on back with head lower than feet
prone position lying flat on stomach with hands under head
gynecological examination mayo tray gloves, gauze, slides, specimen bottle (biopsy), CTAs, laboratory requisition, vaginal speculum, cytological fixative spray, uterine sponge forceps, K-y jelly, stethoscope, Sphygmomanometer, normal saline solution
proctological examination mayo tray gloves, gauze, speciman bottle, slides, CTAs (rectal), lab requisition, Anoscope, Proctoscope, Sigmoidoscope, K-y jelly
Complete physical examination (CPE) gloves, gauze, slides, specimen bottle, CTAs, laboratory requisition, Otoscope, Ophthalmoscope, tongue depressors, Sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, percussion hammer, nasal speculum, tuning fork, thermometer, Emesis basin, tissues
Created by: Barbara Ross