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Infection Control U5

Infection Control Terms Unit 5

Antibody An antigen-binding immunoglobulin, produced by B cells, that functions as the effector in an immune response.
Aseptic Technique A procedure performed under sterile conditions.
Bacillus A cylindrical or rod-shaped bacterium.
Bacteria Single-celled microorganisms that are often aggregated into colonies and are noted for their biochemical effects and pathogenicity.
B Lymphocyte (B Cell) A type of lymphocyte that develops in the bone marrow and later produces antibodies.
Coccus A spherical bacterium.
Contagious Communicable by contact.
Fungus Saprophytic and parasitic spore-producing eukaryotic organisms that lack chlorophyll and include molds, rusts, mildews, smuts, mushrooms, and yeasts.
Gram Stain A method for the differential staining of bacteria.
Helminth A parasitic worm (as a tapeworm, liver fluke, ascarid, or leech).
Immunity A condition of being able to resist a particular disease, especially through preventing development of a pathogenic microorganism or by counteracting the effects of its products.
Infection The state produced by the establishment of an infective agent in or on a suitable host.
Microbiology A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms of life (as bacteria, protozoans, viruses, and fungi).
Phagocyte A cell (as a white blood cell) that engulfs and consumes foreign material (as microorganisms) and debris.
Prion Any of various infectious proteins that are abnormal forms of normal cellular proteins, that proliferate by inducing the normal protein to convert to the abnormal form, and that in mammals include pathogenic forms.
Protozoan Any protist of the phylum or subkingdom Protozoa.
Spirillum A spiral-shaped bacterium.
T Lymphocyte (T Cells) A type of lymphocyte responsible for cell-mediated immunity that differentiates under the influence of the thymus.
Transmission The way a microbial organism moves from one host to another.
Virus Any of a large group of submicroscopic infective agents that typically contain a protein coat surrounding an RNA or DNA core.
Created by: 8293607Lm