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Apologia Gen Science

Apologia Gen Science 2nd Module 14 Respiratory & Circulatory System

Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart Veins
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart Arteries
Tiny, thin-walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gases and nutrients between the blood and cells and are located between arteries and veins Capillaries
From which chamber of the heart does deoxygenated blood leave on its way to the lungs? Right ventricle
If a sample of blood is oxygenated, did it most likely come from an artery or a vein? Most likely, an artery
What makes up the majority of the blood? Plasma
What is blood clotting? The process by which blood seals wounds.
What cells in the blood aid in the process of clotting? Blood platelets
What blood cells contain hemoglobin? Red blood cells
What blood cells fight disease-causing organisms in the blood? White blood cells
When you exhale air, does the air pass through the trachea or the pharynx first? Trachea
What are tubes in plants that transport water up the plant? Xylem
Where are blood cells produced? Bone marrow
What is another name for the heart? Cardiac muscle
How many chambers does the human heart have? 4
What are the 4 chambers of the human heart? Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle
The contraction of the two atria, the relaxation of the atria and the contraction of the ventricles, and the relaxation of the ventricles Cardiac cycle
What are the three main types of blood cells? Red, white, & platelets
What is the protein that gives the blood its overall red color? hemoglobin
What do white blood cells produce & then release into the blood to fight pathogens? antibodies
What are the two thin folds of tissue that stretch across the sides of the larynx and vibrate when air passes across them? Vocal cords
What are tubes in plants that carry water from the leaves to the rest of the plant? Phloem
Created by: larmstrong3