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Chapter 19 Addendum

Common Blood Chemistry Tests - Torita Fout

Albumin aminotransferase (ATL) Detects live disease Reference range: 45 U/L or less
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) Assists in dx of liver & bone disease Reference range: 25-140 U/L
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) Detects tissue damage Reference range: 40 U/L
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) Screens for renal disease, especially glomerular functioning Reference range: 7-25 mg/dl
Calcium (Ca) To assess parathyroid functioning & calcium metabolism & evaluate malignancies Reference range:8.5- 10.8 mg/dl
Chloride (CI) Assists in diagnosing disorders of acid-base & water balance Reference range: 96-109 mmol/L
Low Density Lipoprotein (LD) Complex molecules found in cholesterol; picks up cholesterol from ingested fats & the liver, delivers to the blood vessels & muscles; aka bad cholesterol Reference range: (optimal)less than 60 mg/dl
High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Complex molecule found in cholesterol; removes excess cholesterol from the cells & carries it to the liver to be excreted; aka good cholesterol Reference range : (optimal) 60 mg/dl or greater
Creatinine (Creat) Screening test of renal functioning Reference range : 0.6-1.5 mg/dl
Globulin (Glob) To identify abnormalities in rater of protein synthesis & removal Reference range: 2-3.4 mg/dl
Glucose To detect disoreders of glucose metabolism Reference range: varies
Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) or Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) Blood sugar done with patient haveing being NPO for 12 hours prior to test. Reference rangs: Normal 70-99 mg/dl
2 hour postprndial blood sugar (2-hr PPBS) Often performed on patients with DM to eval progress & regulate tx OR as routine screeninig to detect DM. The patient fasts after midnight; breakfast contains 100 g of carbs OR drinks a glucose solution. Reference rage: Less than 140 mg/dl
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) Provbides more detailed info about the ability of the body to metabolize glucose by assessing the insulin response to a glucose load. Reference range: 139 mg/dl or less
Created by: toritafout