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ABG arterial blood gas(es)
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)
AFB acid-fast bacillus (TB organism)
ant anterior
AP anteroposterior
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time
BE barium enema; below the elbow
BMI body mass index
BMR basal metabolic rate
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Bx, bx biopsy
C&S culture and sensitivity
C&T crossmatch and type (for compatible blood)
CBC complete blood count
CK creatine kinase (cardiac enzyme); conductive keratoplasty
CO2 carbon dioxide
CRP c-reactive protein
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CXR chest x-ray; chest radiograph
DI diabetes insipidus; diagnostic imaging
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DM diabetes mellitus
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DSA digital subtraction angiography
Dx diagnosis
ECG, EKG electrocardiogram; electrocardiography
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (test to detect anti-HIV antibodies)
EMG electromyograph
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
FBS fasting blood sugar
FS frozen section
FSH follicle-stimulating hormine
GB/GBS gallbladder/gallbladder series
GH growth hormone
GTT glucose tolerance test; drop(s)
Hb hemoglobin
HbA1c glycoylated hemoglobim
HBV hepatitis B virus
Hct hematocrit
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
I&D incision and drainage; irrigation and debridement
INR international normalized ratio
IV-GTT intravenous glucose tolerance test
IVP intravenous pyelogram; intravenous pyelography
K potassium (an electrolyte)
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
LAT, lat lateral
LDH lactic dehydrogenase
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LH luteinizing hormone
LLQ left lower quadrant
LP lumbar puncture
LS lumbosacral spine
LUQ left upper quadrant
MCH mean cell hemoglobin (average amount of hemoglobin per red cell)
MCHC mean cell hemoglobin concentration (average concentration of hemoglobin per red cell)
MCV mean cell volume (average volume or size per red cell)
Mg magnesium
mg/dl, mg/dL milligram per deciliter
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone
Na sodium (an electrolyte)
NIDDM non-insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus
NPH neutral protamine Hagedorn (insulin)
O&P ova and parasites (often in stool specimens)
OB obstetrics
P phosphorus; pulse
Pap papanicolaou (test)
PBI protein-bound iodine
PCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PET positron emission tomography
PFT pulmonary function test
PGH pituitary growth hormone
post posterior
PRL prolactin
PSA prostate-specific antigen
PT prothombin time; physical therapy
PTH parathyroid hormone; also called parathormone
PTT/aPTT/APTT partial thromboplastin time
RAI radioactive iodine
RAIU radioactive iodine uptake
RBC red blood cell
RF rheumatoid factor; radio frequency
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
S&A sugar and acetone
SBF small bowel follow-through
SGOT serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
SGPT serum glutamic-pyruvic transminase
sono sonogram
SPECT single photon emission computed tomography
Sx symptom
T&S type and screen (for compatible blood)
T3 triiodothyronine (thyroid hormone)
T4 thyroxine (thyroid hormone)
TFT thyroid function test
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
Tx treatment
U&L, U/L upper and lower
UA urinalysis
UGI upper gastrointestinal
US ultrasound, ultrasonography
VDRL venereal disease research laboratory
VMA vanilylimandelic acid (usually a 24h urine test)
WBC white blood count
Created by: DawnLangridge