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IntroDuction to Anthropology

Cultural Relativism the ability to view the customs and beliefs of others within the context of their culture rather than ones own (relating ones own culture to another)= objective observation
Ethnocentrism the tendency to judge the customs and beliefs of others based on the standards of one's own culture= subjective observation
Inference a conclusion drawn from an objective observation
Anthropologists Antropology study humans the study of human beings
Objective Observations an observation that is free of personal bias/ opinion
Subjective Observations an observation that contains a personal bias/ opinion
Outsider Perspective the perspective of a foreigner (anthropologist) who is studying a culture quite different from their own
Ethnography "Writing about peoples" gathering info on contemporary cultures through fieldwork
Ethnology the interpretation and analysis of the data collected during ethnography/fieldwork
Fieldwork living among the members of a group in order to understand their contemporary ways of thinking and behaving= participant observation
Unwritten Rules are the unwritten and often unspoken social norms of a particular group/culture that are very important and learned through enculturation
Sub-culture is a group of people with a distinct set of behaviors that differs from the larger culture of which they are a part of
Driving question why do societies change?
Sub-topic an anthropologic look at inequality
Two Branches 1. Physical 2. Cultural
Culture any form of behavior that is learned (from society) rather than inherited or instinctive
Enculturation the training in one's own culture through conscious and sub-conscious means. The way in which we acquire our culture (process)
Created by: studystack12