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Science Vocab

For Chapters 3.3, 3.4 and 3.5

Photosynthesis The process in which some organisms use water along with sunlight and carbon dioxide to make their own food.
Pigment A colored chemical that absorbs light.
Stomata Small openings on a leaf through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move.
Respiration The process by which cells break down simple food molecules to release the energy they contain.
Fermentation The process by which cells break down molecules to release energy without using oxygen.
Cell Cycle The regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo.
Interphase The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell division occurs.
Replication The process by which a cell copy of the DNA in its nucleus.
Mitosis The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus divides into two new nuclei and one copy of the DNA is distributed into each daughter cell.
Chromosome A double rod of condensed chromatin.
Cytokinesis The final stage of the cell cycle, in which the cell's cytoplasm divides, distributing the organelles into each two of the new cells.
Centromere The center of the chromosome.
Chromatin Chromosomes that are long and thin during the interphase.
Chromatid Chromosomes that are long and thin during the mitosis.
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to parent to offspring.
Adenine The nucleic acid that binds to thymine.
Guanine The nucleic acid that binds to cytosine.
Thymine The nucleic acid that binds to adenine.
Centriole Makes spindle fibers.
Spindle Fibers These attach to the centromere and centriole that help to pull apart the chromatids.
Daughter Cell The two identical cells that are produced during cell division.
Created by: sauravdaboss