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6th Math PT ALL

6th Math PowerTime Vocab

Difference The answer when you subtract.
Distributive Property The sum of two addends multiplied by a number is the sum of the product of each addend and the number. a(b+c) = ab + ac
Dividend A number that is divided by another number.
Divisor A number by which another number is to be divided.
Factors Numbers that are being multiplied together
Greatest Common Factor The largest factor that two or more numbers have in common.
Least Common Multiple The smallest number that is the multiple of two or more other numbers.
Percent A fraction or ratio in which the denominator is 100
Product The answer when you multiply
Proportion An equation which states that two ratios are equal.
Quotient The number resulting from dividing one number by another
Rate A comparison of two quantities that have different units of measure
Ratio compares quantities that share a fixed, multiplicative relationship.
Rational number A number that can be written as a/b where a and b are integers, but is not equal to 0.
Reciprocal Multiplicative inverse of a number (except zero)
Sum The answer when you add, the total amount
Unit Ratio are ratios written as some number to 1. Algebraic expression
Associative Property The sum or product of a set of numbers is the same no matter how the numbers are grouped.
Coefficient A number multiplied by a variable in an algebraic expression.
Commutative Property The sum or product of a group of numbers is the same regardless of the order in which the numbers are arranged.
Cubed A number to the third power
Distributive Property The sum of two addends multiplied by a number is the sum of the product of each addend and the number. a(b+c) = ab + ac
Equation A mathematical sentence that contains an equal sign
Exponent The number of times a number or expression (called base) is used as a factor of repeated multiplication. Also called the power.
Inequality A mathematical sentence that contains the symbols >, <, ≥, or ≤.
Inverse Operation A mathematical process that combines two or more numbers such that its product or sum equals the identity.
Like Terms Terms in an algebraic expression that have the same variable raised to the same power. Only the coefficients of like terms are different.
Order of Operations The rules that tell which operation to perform first when more than one operation is used (PEMDAS)
Term A number, a variable, or a product of numbers and variables.
Squared a number to the second power
Variable A letter or symbol used to represent a number or quantities that vary Area
Box and Whisker Plot A diagram that summarizes data using the median, the upper and lowers quartiles, and the extreme values (minimum and maximum).
Cubic Units Measures the volume of solids
Irregular Polygon A polygon in which sides are not all the same length nor do the interior angles have the same measure.
Lateral Faces In a prism, a face that is not a base of the figure.
Inter-Quartile Range (IQR) The difference between the first and third quartiles. (Note that the first quartile and third quartiles are sometimes called upper and lower quartiles.)
Mean Absolute Deviation The average distance of each data value from the mean. It is a gauge of “on average” how different the data values are form the mean value.
Mean The “average” or “fair share” value for the data; add all the numbers and divide by how many numbers there are.
Measures of Center The mean and the median are both ways to measure the center for a set of data.
Median The value for which half the numbers are larger and half are smaller. If there are two middle numbers, it is the arithmetic mean of the two middle numbers.
Mode The number that occurs the most often in a list. There can be more than one or none.
Net A two-dimensional figure that, when folded, forms the surfaces of a three-dimensional object.
Outlier A value that is very far away from most of the values in a data set.
Polygon A number of coplanar line segments, each connected end to end to form a closed shape.
Prism A polyhedron with two parallel and congruent faces, called bases, and all other faces that are parallelograms.
Range A measure of spread for a set of data. To find the range, subtract the smallest value from the largest value in a set of data.
Regular Polygon A polygon that has all sides equal and all interior angles equal.
Surface area The total area of the 2-dimensional surfaces that make up a 3-dimensional object.
Vertices The common endpoint of two or more rays or line segments.
Volume The amount of space occupied by an object. Absolute Value
Coordinates used to show the position on a coordinate plane; the first number is x on the horizontal plane and the second number is y on the vertical plane.
Customary System the system of measurement used in the United States (cups, pints, quarts, gallons, pounds, inches, feet, yards, miles)
Metric System a measurement system used around the world based on the powers of ten (meters, liters, grams)
Negative Numbers a number less than zero
Opposite Number two numbers that have the same numeral but have opposite signs
Ordered Pair Used to indicate a point on a coordinate plane, graph, or map
Origin The point of intersection of the x and y axis on a coordinate plane (0,0)
Positive Number a number greater than zero
Rational Number a number that can be expressed as the ratio of two integers in the form a/b where b is not equal to 0.
X-Axis the horizontal axis of a graph
X-Coordinate the position of a point according to the x
Y-Axis the vertical axis of the graph
Y-Coordinate the position of point according to the y
Created by: stacychambers