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Chapter 12-13

nativism favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-born people
isolationism opposition to political and economic entanglements with other countries
communism an economic and political system based on one-part government and state ownership of property
anarchists a person who opposes all forms of government
Sacco and Vanzetti arrested and charged with the robbery and murder of a factory paymaster and his gaurds
quota system a system that sets limits on how many immigrants for various countries a nation will admit each year
John L. Lewis leader of the United Mine Workers of America
Warren G. Harding good-natured man who looked like a president ought to look like
Charles Evens Hughes urged that no more war ships be built for 10 years
Fordney McCumber Tariff a set of regulations, enacted by Congress in 1922, that raised taxes on imports to record levels in order to protect American businesses against foreign competition
Ohio gang the president's poker-playing cronies, who would soon cause a great deal of depression
Teapot Dome scandal Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall's secret leasing of oil-rich public land to private companies in return for money and land
Albert B. Fall secretary of the Interior, a close friend of various oil executives, managed to get the oil reserves transferred from the navy to the Interior Department
Calvin Coolidge the new president, fit into the pro-business spirit of the 1920s very well.
urban sprawl the unplanned and uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions
installment plan an arrangement in which a purchaser pays over an extended time, without having to put down much money at the time of purchase
prohibition the period from 1920-1933 during which the Eighteenth Amendment forbidding the manufacture and sale of alcohol was force in the US
speakeasy a place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during Prohibiton
bootlegger a person who smuggled alcoholic beverages into the United States during Prohibition
fundamentalism a Protestant religious movement grounded in the belief that all the stories and details in the Bible are literally true
Clarence Darrow most famous trial lawyer of the day, to defend Scopes
Scopes trial a sensational 1925 court case in which the biology teacher John T. Scopes was tried for challenging a Tennessee law that outlawed the teaching of evolution.
Flapper one of the free-thinking young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the 1920s
double standard a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women
Charles A. Lindbergh small town pilot, who made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic.
George Gershwin gained fame for merging traditional elements with american jazz, thus creating a new sound that was identifiably American
Georgia O'Keeffe produced intensely colored canvases that captured the grandeur of new york
Sinclair Lewis the first american to win a Nobel Prize in literature, was among the Ara's most outrageous critics
F. Scott Fitzgerald coined the term "jazz Age" to describe the 1920s
Edna St. Vincent Millay wrote poems celebrating the youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints
Emest Hemingway became best known expatriate author
Zora Neale Hurston made her yearn for a wider world
James Weldon Johnson poet, lawyer, and NAACP executive secretary
Marcus Garvey immigrant from Jamaica, believed that African Americans should build a separate society
Harlem Renaissance a favoring of African-American artistic creativity during the 1920s, centered in the Harlem community of NYC
Claude McKay novelist, poet, and Jamaican immigrant, was a major figure whose militant verses urged African Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination
Langston Hughes was the movement's best-known poet
Paul Pobeson the son of a one-time slave, became a major dramatic actor
Louis Armstrong joined Oliver's group, which became known as the Creole Jazz Band.
Duke Ellington a jazz pianist and composer, led his ten-piece orchestra at the cotton club
Bessie Smith a female blues singer, was perhaps the most outstanding vocalist of the decade
Created by: harper.sherman