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Indigo Module

Integumentary Review

Define skin and name its important functions *aka integument *largest organ *protects against sun *register sensations *resevoir for food *synthesizes vitamin D
Describe first-degree burns *aka superficial burns *least serious *only injure the epidermis *erythema, hyperesthesia
Describe immunotherapy *aka biotherapy *newer treatment that stimulates the body's own immune defense to fight tumor cells
Describe in situ and invasive *in situ-confined to the original site *invasive-penetrate the surrounding tissue
Describe sebaceous glands *secretes sebum (oil) *causes acne *present ove entire body except soles of feet and palms of hands
Describe second-degree burns *aka partial thickness burns *damage the epidermis and part of the dermis *vesicle, bullae form
Describe subcutaneous layer *aka hypodermis *binds dermis to the underlying structures *composed of loose connective tissue and adipose (fat) tissue interlaces with blood vessels *stores fats, insulates and cushions body *regulates body temperature
Describe third-degree burns *aka full-thickness burns *epidermis and dermis are destroyed *leave skin waxy and charred
How is hair color determined *amount of pigment produced by the epidermal melanocytes (found at bast of hair follicle) *more melanin the darker the hair
What are the two most important sublayers of the epidermis and where are they located *stratum corneum- outermost layer *stratum germinativum (basal layer)- innermost layer (second layer)
What do melanocytes produce and what is their function *produce black pigment called melanin *provides protective barrier from the damaging effects of the sun
What happens to new skin cells as they move towards the stratum corneum they die
What is a dermatologist *physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases
What is a pathologist *physician who grades and stages tumors for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, provide prognosis and aid comparision of treatment results
What is the most common type of skin cancer basal cell carcinoma
Abnormal condition of hair fungus trichomycosis
Absence of color in the skin pallor
Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale red, elevated patches uticaria
Any new and abnormal growth neoplasm
Bacterial skin infection impetigo
Baldness alopecia
Benign tumor of dilated blood vessels hemangioma
Cancerous malignant
Chronic inflammatory skin condition eczema
Covering integument
Fungal skin infection; also called ringworm tinea
Infestation with lice pediculosis
Inflammation of the nail bed onychia
Inflammation of the nipple(s) thelitis
Inflammation of the skin dermatitis
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous gland acne
Intense itching pruritis
Loss of skin pigmentation vitiligo
Minute, pinpoint hemmorrhage under the skin petechia
Necrosis or death of tissue gangrene
Non-cancerous benign
Normal scarring cicatrix
Noted at birth congenital
Pertaining to under the skin subcutaneous
Pus at the sight of an infection abcess
Raised firm, thickened scar keloid
Redness of the skin erythema
Scab crustation
Scrape abrasion
Skin grafting dermatoplasty
Small brown malcules lentigo
Small skin lesion of acne comedo
Sore that prevents blood flow to tissues pressure ulcer
Study of fungus mycology
Thick skin pachyderma
Thick, dry, silvery scales caused by excessive development of the basal layer psoriasis
Tissue destruction by electric current; also called electrodesiccation fulguration
Total absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes albinism
Transplatation from a foreign donor xenograft (I&D)
Warts verruca
BCC basal cell carcinoma
Bx, bx biopsy
C culture and sensitivity
CA cancer
chemo chemotherapy
CIS carcinoma in situ
cm centimeter
decub. decubitus
Derm. dermatology
FS frozen section
I incision and drainage
ID intradermal
IMP impression
IV intravenous(ly)
TNM tumor-node-metastasis
ung ointment
XP, XPD xeroderma pigmentosum
Created by: DawnLangridge