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The Greek World

Vocab words for 7th Grade Social Studies - Ch. 9

cavalry a unit of soldiers mounted on horses
Cyrus the Great founder of the Persian Empire
Darius I Persian emperor who organized and expanded the empire
Persian Wars a series of wars between Persia and Greece beginning in 490 BC
Xerxes I Persian emperor who led the second invasion of Greece in 480 BC
alliance an agreement to work together
Peloponnesian War a war between the two great Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in the 400s BC
Philip II powerful king of Macedonia
phalanax a group of warriors who stood close together in a square
Alexander the Great king of Macedonia who built the largest empire the world had ever seen
Hellenistic name for the blended culture that developed in Alexander's empire
Socrates the first of the great Greek thinkers and teachers
Plato teacher and thinker, student of Socrates, and founder of the Academy
Aristotle philosopher who taught that people should live lives of moderation based on reason
reason clear and ordered thinking
Euclid great and influential mathematician
Hippocrates great Greek doctor who taught how to treat disease by understanding what caused illness
Created by: Ms. Thacker