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Review 6.3/6.4

What are the substances/conditions that increase the chance of a mutation? mutagens
What makes up all the genes of a species? the genome
During ________, a duplicate DNA Molecule forms replication
A mutation causes a change in the _________ of a cell DNA or chromosomes
The instructions for assembling a protien are on a _____________ gene
_____________ is when you choose to mate organisms with desired traits selectively breeding
______________ is when you insert a gene from one organism into another genetic engineering
Another word for spliced DNA is ________ recombinant DNA
Mutations in body cells cause _______________ cells to die, but have no effect on the body
Mutations in sex cells cause __________ useful things, like the size of a plant. Or it can cause many of 4,000 diseases or disorders to the offspring
What determines an organisms traits and tells a cell how to put together a particular protien? genes
__________ cells are most commonly used because _________ bacteria; they are only single celled organisms
If a person has a recessive gene for a disease, but does not have the disease, then they must have a __________ gene to cover for the disease causing gene. These people are ________ of the disease dominant; carrier
Albinism, cystic fibrosis, down's syndrome, and sickle-cell anemia are all cause by ________ genes recessive/deffective
What are the nitrogen bases of DNA and how do they pair up? adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine; A&T, C&G
DNA that is created when genetic engeineers move genes from one organism to another is ____________ DNA recombinant
Created by: bob dohl