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Chapter 2

Word Roots and Combining Forms

aer air, gas
athero plaque, fatty substance (inside of blood vessel)
blast immature cells
calc, calci calcium
chondrio, chondro cartilage, grainy, gritty
chyl chyle, a digestive juice
chym chyme, semifluid production of chyme in the stomach
cyst, cysti bladder, cyst, cystic duct
cyt cell
ethm ethmoid bone
gluc glucose
glyc sugars
hydr hydrogen, water
ket, keton ketone, acetone
lip fat (outside of blood vessel)
nucle nucleus
plasma, plasmo formative, plasma
salping tube
sider iron
somat body
squam scale, squamous (meaning scaly)
syring tube
algesi, algi, alg pain
cry cold
dips thirst
esthesi sensation, perception
kin, kine movement
kinesi, kenes motion
phon sound, voice, speech
phot light
son sound
therm heat
acanth spiny, thorny
andro masculine
chlor chlorine, green
chrom, chromat color
crypt hidden, obscure
cyan blue
eosin red
erythr red, redness
granul granular
gyn, gyne, gynec women
home, hom same, constant
ichthy dry, scaly, fishy
idi distinct, unknown
immun safe, immune
leuk white
macro large, long
meg, megal large, million
melan black, dark
micr small, tiny
mio smaller, less
morph structure, shape
norm normal
physi physical, natural
pseud false
scler hardness, hardening
scolio crooked, bent
spher round, spherical
staphyl grapelike clusters
sten narrowness
Strept twisted chains, streptococci
terat monster (as a malformed fetus)
xanth yellow
bacill bacilli, bacteria
bacteri bacteria
carcin cancer
kyph humpback
onch, onc tumor
pachy thick
path disease
pyr fever, fire, heat
schist split
schiz split, division
spasm spasm
anteri front
dextr right, toward the right
dors back
gonio angle
later lateral, to one side
medi middle, medial plane
mes middle, median
orth straight, normal
top place, topical
crin secrete
gen producing, being born
hypn sleep
log speech, words, thought
narc sleep, numbness
phago eating, devouring, swallowing
somn, somni sleep
spir breath, breathe
actin light
amyl starch
bar weight, pressure
bas, basi base
bio life
chem chemical
chrono time
coni dust
cycl circle, cycle
dyna, dynam force, energy
echo reflected sound
electro electricity
eti cause
fibr fiber
fluor light, luminous, fluorine
fungi fungus
galact milk
ger, geront old age
lact, lacti milk
lith stone
lys dissolution, destruction
necr death, dying
noct night
nyct night
pharmaco drugs, medicine
phyt plant
py pus
radio radiation, x-ray, radius
stere three-dementional
tel, tele distant, end, complete
ton tension, pressure
toxi, toxic, tox poison, toxin
throph food, nutrition
Created by: BrandiAnderson94