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Apologia Gen Science

Apologia Gen Science 2nd Module 12 Energy and Life

Producer Organisms that produce their own food
Consumer Organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers for food
Herbivore A consumer that eats producers exclusively
Carnivore A consumer that eats only other consumers
Omnivore A consumer that eats both producers and other consumers
Basal Metabolic Rate The minimum amount of energy required by the body in a day
Carbohydrates Usually the first macronutrients burned by the body.
Monosaccharides The shortest of the carbohydrates; simple carbohydrates or simple sugars.
Mitochondrion The powerhouse of the cell.
Fats Usually the second macronutrient that is burned by the body.
Proteins Usually the last macronutrient that is burned by the body.
Polysaccharides The longest of the carbohydrates; many monosaccharides linked together.
Ectothermic An organism that does not have a constant internal temperature.
Endothermic An organism that must expend a lot of energy keeping their body temperature constant.
Oxygen Combustion requires _____________.
Carbon dioxide, water, and energy Combustion produces ________, ________, and ________.
Decomposer Yeast is in kingdom Fungi, so it is a ________.
Consumer An ant cannot make its own food, so it is a ________.
Producer Corn is a plant, so it is a ________.
Saturated fats Fats that are solid at room temperature.
Unsaturated fats Fats that are liquid at room temperature.
Disaccharides Two monosaccharides linked together.
Essential fats Fats that your body needs but cannot produce itself.
Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins Three macronutrients that your body can burn effectively.
Essential amino acids 9 amino acids that your body requires but your cells cannot manufacture.
Macronutrients Nutrients that we must eat a lot of every day.
Created by: larmstrong3