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Rome Vocabulary

Chapter 7 - sections 1 and 2

QuestionAnswer
Republic A form of government in which voters elect officials to run the state.
Dictator An absoluter ruler.
Rome built its city along the ________ River Tiber.
Censors Registered citizens according to their wealth.
Praetors Romans elected _______ to help the consuls. In times of war they commanded armies.
Checks and balances Prevented any one part of the government from becoming to powerful.
Veto Refuse to approve
Patricians Powerful landowners who controlled the government. As nobles they inherited their power.
Plebeians Population were mostly farmers and workers.
Legionnaires A major unit of the Roman army consisting of 4,500 to 6,000 citizens.
Senate Controlled public funds and decided foreign policy. The most powerful and influential of the 3 governing bodies.
Magistrates Elected officials consisting of consuls, praetors and censors.
Assemblies Voted on laws and elected officials including the consuls. Many voted on war or peace and others served on courts.
Equities Punic Wars
Punic Wars A series of three wars between the Romans and Carthage.
Hannibal Considered one of the greatest generals of all time. Won several key victories against the Romans during the Second Punic War.
Scipio A Roman general that defeated Hannibal and his army at the Battle of Zama near Carthage.
Spartacus A slave that led a revolt against the Roman Army in 73 BC.
Created by: Teacher2014