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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

Social Studies Test

Wilderness Road the trail into Kentucky that woodsman Daniel Boone helped to build
republic a government in which people elect representatives to govern for them
Articles of Confederation a document, adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and finally approved by the states in 1781, that outlined the form of government of the new United States
Land Ordinance of 1785 a law that established a plan for surveying and selling federally owned lands west of the Appalachian Mountains
Northwest Territory territory covered by the Land Ordinance of 1785, which included land that formed the states of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota
Northwest Ordinance it described how the Northwest Territory was to be governed and set conditions for settlement and settlers’ rights
Shays's Rebellion an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers in 1787
Constitutional Convention a meeting held in 1787 to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation; resulted in the drafting of the Constitution
James Madison one of the ablest delegates who read more than 100 books on government in preparation for the meeting
Virginia Plan a plan proposed by Edmund Randolph, a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1787, that proposed a government with three branches and a two-house legislature in which representation would be based on a state's population or wealth
New Jersey Plan a plan of government proposed at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 that called for a one-house legislature in which each state would have one vote
Great Compromise the Constitutional Convention's agreement to establish a two-house national legislature, with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population in the other house
Three-Fifths Compromise the Constitutional Convention's agreement to count three-fifths of a states slaves as population for purposes of representation and taxation
Federalism a system of government in which power is shared between the central (or federal) government and the states
Federalists the people who supported the Constitution
Antifederalists the people who opposed the Constitution
The Federalists Papers the best known of the essays wrote to answer the Antifederalists attacks
George Mason a delegate to the Constitutional Convention who refused to sign the final document until a bill of rights was added; perhaps the most influential Virginian; against ratification
Bill of Rights the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, added in 1791, and consisting of a formal list of citizens' rights and freedoms
Created by: cassie35915