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Medical Terms 6

Medical Terminology 1-72 Terms (teacher328)

ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament of the knee
Acquired Immunity Formation of antibodies and lymphocytes after an exposure to an antigen
Addison Disease Hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
Aden/o Gland
-algia Pain
Allergies Abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen
Anaphylaxis exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity to a foreign protein or other substance
Aneurysm enlarged, weakened area in an arteral wall, which may rupture, leading to a hemorrhage and CVA (stroke)
Angi/o Vessel
Alveoli A collection of air sacs in the lungs
Angiography X-ray of the internal anatomy of the heart and blood vessel.
Angiosarcoma A malignant tumor of the blood vessel tissue
Anoxia An abnormal condition characterized by a local or systemic lack of oxygen in the body.
Antigen A substance, usually a protein, that the body recognizes as foreign and that can invoke an immune response.
Aorta The largest artery in the body. The main trunk of the systemic arterial circulation.
Aplastic Anemia A deficiency of all of the formed elements of blood. Specifically red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Arthroscopy Visual examination of the inside of a joint with an endoscope and television camera.
Ascites Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
Ataxia Persistent unsteadiness on the feet, can be caused by a disorder involving the cerebellum; An impaired ability to coordinate movements. A staggering gait and postural imbalance are caused by a lesion in the spinal cord or cerebellum.
Atelectasis An abnormal condition characterized by a collapse of alveoli, preventing the respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen in a part of the lungs.
Ather/o Yellowish plaque, fatty substance
Atrophy Wasting away
Auscultation Listening to sounds in the blood vessels or other body structures, typically using a stethoscope
Azotemia Toxic condition is characteristic of uremia. An excess in the blood of urea, creatinine and other nitrogenous end products of protein and amino acids.
Biological therapy Treatment with substances that can stimulate the immune system to fight disease more effectively
-blast Growth of formation, immature cells
BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)
Bradycardia Slow heartbeat (slower than 60 beats per minute)
Brainstem The lower part of the brain which connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord.
Bronchioles Smallest branches of the bronchi. Terminal bronchioles lead to alveolar ducts
Bronchoscope Placed through the throat, larynx and trachea into the bronchi. .A device to observe the bronchi
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen .measurement of the urea levels in blood
Cachexia General ill health and malnutrition ( wasting of muscle and emaciation) and associated with severe chronic disease
CA-125 Protein marker elevated in ovarian cancer (normal range of value is 0-35)
Calcaneus Called the heal bone. The largest bone in the foot.
Cardi/O Heart
Carcinoma in Situ Referring to localized tumor cells that have not invaded tissue.
Carcinogens Agents that cause cancer. Chemicals, drugs, radiation and viruses.
Cardiologist Is an internal medicine specialist who takes additional training in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease.
Cardiology The process of studying the heart
Cardiomegaly Enlargement of the heart
Cauterization Destruction of tissue by burning
Cephal/O Head
Cerebellum Posterior part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements and maintains balance
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain, stroke.
Cerebrum Largest part of the brain. Functions include thinking, personality, movement, and memory.
Cervical Vertebra C1C7, The first seven vertebrae- they do not articulate (join) with the ribs. The first seven bones of the vertebral column, forming the boney aspect of the neck.
Cervix The narrow, lowermost portion of the uterus
Cholecystectomy Removal of the gallbladder by laparoscopic or open surgery. Procedure is performed for symptomatic gallstone disease.
Cholelithiasis Gallstones in the gallbladder
Cirrhosis Chronic degenerative disease of the liver
Comat/o Deep sleep
Compound fracture A bone is broken and a fragment of bone protrudes through an open wound in the skin
Congestive heart failure The heart is unable to pump its required amounts of blood "more blood enters the heart from the veins than leaves through the arteries.
Contraindication Are factors in a patients condition that make the use of a drug dangerous and ill advised.
Cushing's disease A metabolic disorder characterized by abnormal increase secretion of adrenal cortical steroids particularly cortisol, caused by increased amounts of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secreted by the pituitary, such as pituitary adenoma.
Cytoscopy The diagnostic study of cells obtained from the patient specimens with the aid of microscopes and other laboratory equipment
-cytosis A condition in which there is a greater than normal number of cells in a tissue or organ
Deglutition Swallowing
Dehydration Excessive loss of water from body tissues
Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Diabetes Mellitus A complex disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism that is primarily a result of a deficiency or complete lack of insulin secretion by the beta cells of the pancreas or resistance to insulin
Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) Diabetic coma, an acute, life threatening complication of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
Dialysis process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the bloodstream when the kidneys no longer function
Dieresis Separation of a structure's part by surgery or other means.
Dislocation The displacement of any part of the body from its normal position, particularly a bone from its normal articulation with a
Doppler ultrasound studies Using sound waves to detect blood flow in the carotid and intracranial arteries.
DVT, deep vein thrombosis A disorder involving a thrombus in one of the deep veins of the body, most commonly the iliac of femoral vein.
Dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing.
Dysphonia Hoarseness or other voice impairment
Dystocia Difficult labor.
ECG Electrocardiogram; A record of the electrical activity of the heart.
Created by: Teacher328