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AST CERT EXAM #1

QuestionAnswer
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STURCTURES IS LOCATED IN THE AVELOAR PROCESSES? TEETH
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE WOUND CLASSIFICATION FOR A BRONCHSCOPY? CLEAN-CONTAMINATED
THE ENZYME USED TO SOFTEN THE ZONULES OF THE LES BEFORE CATARACT SURGERY IS? ALPHA-CHYMOTRYPSIN
HOW SHOULD THE STRETCHER BE ORIENTED WHEN NECESSARY TO USE AN ELEVATOR TO TRANSPORT A PATIENT TO THE OR? ENTER HEAD FIRST, EXIT FEET FIRST
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A CURVED, TRANSVERSE INCISION ACROSS THE LOWER ABDOMEN FREQUENTLY USED IN GYNECOLOGICAL SURGERY? PFANNENSTIEL
WHEN PERFORATED METAL TRAYS ARE PLACED ON THE SHELES OF THE STEAM STERILIZING CART, THEY SHOULD BE POSITIONED: FLAT
HYPERKALEMIA IS A HIGH CONCENTRAITON OF? POTASSIUM
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TISSUES ARE CUT USING CURVED MAYO SCISSORS? FASCIA
WHICH LASER BEAM CAN TRAVEL THROUGH CLEAR TISSUES WITHOUT HEATING THEM? ARGON
PERMISSION FOR TREATMENT GIVEN WITH FULL KNOWLEDGEOF THE RISKS IS A/AN? INFORMED CONSENT
WHICH PORTION OF THE STOMACH SURROUNDS THE LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER? CARDIA
LOW LEVEL DISINFECTANTS KILL MOST MICROBES, BUT DO NOT DESTROY? SPORES
SYNDACTYLY REFERS TO? WEBBED FINGERS
THE SURGICAL PACK UTILIZED TO CREATE THE STERILE FIELD SHOULD BE OPENED ON THE ? BACKTABLE
THE ISLETS OF LANERHANS SECRETE? INSULIN
WHAT TYPE OF PROCEDURE WOULD INVLOVE THE REMOVAL OF TEETH? EXTRACTIONS
WHICH ORGANISM IS A NORMAL RESIDENT FLORA OF THE INTESTINAL TRACT? ESCHERICHIA COLI
WHERE SHOULD THE FIRST SCRUB SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST STAND WHEN HANDING TOWELS TO THE SURGEON TO SQUARE OFF AN INCISION SITE? SAME SIDE AS THE SURGEON
A PROPERLY PERFORMED SURGICAL SCRUB RENDERS THE SKIN? SURGICALLY CLEAN
THROUGH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DO THE COMMON BILE DUCT AND THE PANCREATIC DUCT EMPTY? AMPULLA OF VATER
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IDENTIFIERS MUST BE VERIFIED BY THE PATIENT OR THIER ID BRACELETS PRIOR TO TRANSPORTING A PATIENT TO THE OR? NAME, DOB, PHYSICIAN
WHAT ARE SPIRAL SHAPED BACTERIA CALLED? SPIRILLI
THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THE GALLBLADDER IS TO? STORE BILE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN NON-STERILE MEMBER OF THE SURGICAL TEAM? CIRCULATOR
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A BENEFIT OF USING SURFACE MOUNTED SLIDING DOORS FOR ACCESS TO THE OPERATING ROOM? AID IN CONTROLLING TEMPERATURE
WHAT ARE THE THREE FACTORS FOR REDUCING IONIZING RADIATION EXPOSURE? TIME, SHIELDING, DISTANCE
WHAT IS THE FIRST PART OF THE SMALL INTESTINES? DUODENUM
WHAT IS THE SURGICAL POSITION FREQUENTLY USED FOR PATIENTS UNDERGOING KIDNEY SURGERY? LATERAL
HOW ARE RICKETTSIAE TRAMSMITTED? ATHROPOD BITES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMINATION OF THE CERVIX USING A BINOCULAR MICROSCOPE? COLPOSCOPY
COMPRESSION OF THE HEART FROM EXCESSIVE FLUID OR BLOOD BUILD UP IS CALLED? TAMPONADE
WHICH SURGICAL TEAM MEMBER DETERMINES WHEN THE PATIENT CAN BE TRANSPORTED FROM THE OR TO THE PACU? ANESTHESIA PROVIDER
WHICH SUFFIX MEANS SURGICAL PUNCTURE TO REMOVE FLUID? -CENTESIS
TO WHICH PORTION OF THE COLON IS THE APPENDIX? CECUM
WICH LABORATORY TEST DETERMINES BACTERIAL IDENTIFICATION? GRAM STAIN
MEDICATION USED TO DILATE THE PUPIL IS CALLED? MYDRIATICS
WHICHOF THE FOLLOWING IS NON-FENESTRATED? LAPAROTOMY, U-DRAPE, TRANSVERSE, CRAINIOTOMY U-DRAPE
UNDER WHAT CIRCUMSTANCES WOULD IT BE APPROPRIATE TO REMOVE A PATIENTS IDENTIFICATION BRACELENT? NEVER UNTIL THE PATIENT IS DISCHARGED FROM THE FACILITY
WHAT IS THE POSITION MOST COMMONLY USED FOR MITRAL VALVE REPLACEMENT? SUPINE
WHICH LASER IS BEST USED DURING A VITRECTOMY? ARGON
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MONITORS PROVIDES POSITIVE ASSURANCE OF STERILITY? BIOLOGICAL
THE APON-LIKE STRUCTURE ATTACHED TO THE GREATER CURVATURE OF THE STOMACH IS THE? OMENTUM
WHICH MICROBES LIVE WITHOUT OXYGEN? ANAEROBES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN ABNORMAL TRACT BETWEEN TWO EPITHELIUM-LINED SURFACES THAT IS OPEN AT BOTH ENDS? FISTULA
WHAT IS THE ACTION OF ANTAGONIST DRUGS? COUNTERACT THE ACTION OF ANOTHER DRUG
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DIRECTIONAL TERMS DESCRIBES THE TYPE OF SKIN PREP OF AN ENTIRE EXTREMITY? CIRCUMDERENTIAL
WHAT ORGANS ARE EXCISED IF AN OVARIAN TUMOR IS MALIGNANT? BILATERAL FALLOPIAN TUBES AND OVARIES, UTERUS
WHICH TERM REFERS TO AN ABNORMAL THORACIC CURVE OF THE SPINE REFERRED TO AS "HUNCHBACK" KYPHOSIS
WHAT IS THE MEDICAL TERM FOR A BUNION? HALLUX VALGUS
WHAT INCISION IS ALSO KNOWN AS A LOWER OBLIQUE? INGUINAL
THE SMALL INTESTINE ATTACHES TO THE POSTERIOR ABDOMINAL WALL BY THE? MESENTARY
WHAT IS THE TERM FOR A RELATIONSHIP IN WHICH TWO ORGANISMS OCCUPY THE SAME AREA AND ONE ORGANISM BENEFITS WHILE THE OTHER IS UNHARMED COMMENSALISM
A TOPICAL STEROID USED TO REDUCE INFLAMMATION AFTER EYE SURGERY IS? DEPO-MEDROL
HOWIS THE SURGICAL INFORMED CONSENT SIGNED IF AN ADULT PATIENT IS ILLITERATE? PATIENT MARKS WITH AN X AND WITNESS VERIFIES
WHAT DIRECTION SHOULD THE STRETCHER BE ORIENTED WHEN TRANSPORTING A PAIENT TO THE OR DEPARTMENT? FEET FIRST, SIDE RAILS UP
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ROUTINE PREOPERATIVE LABORATORY STUDIES WOULD BE ORDERED FOR PREMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH NO HISTORY OF HYSTERCTOMY? HCG
WHICH PORTION OF THE SURGICAL GOWN IS CONSIDERED NON-STERILE? UPPER ARMS, NECKLINE AND AXILLARY REGION
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE URINARY CATHETER WITH A SMALL, CURVED TAPERED TIP USED ON PATIENTS WITH URETHRAL STRITURES? COUDE
WHAT IS THE SURGICAL POSITION COMMONLY USED FOR THYROID AND GALLBLADDER SURGERY? REVERSE TRENDELENBURG
A CONGENTIAL DEFECT IN WHICH THE FETAL BLOOD VESSEL BETWEEN THE PULMONARY ARTERY AND AORTA DOES NOT CLOSE? PATENT DUCTURS ARTERIOSUS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A COMMONLY USED PRESERVATIVE FOR TISSUE SPECIMENS? FORMALIN
WHAT IS THE FIRST STEP TAKEN FOR AN INCORRECT SPONGE COUNT? NOTIFY SURGEON
THE MUMPS MAY BE DIAGNOSED BY FINDING INFLAMMATION IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING GLANDS PAROTID
WHAT INSTITUTIONAL DOCUMENT IS COMPLETED WHEN AN ADVERSE OR UNUSUAL EVENT TAKES PLACE IN THE OR THAT MAY HAVE LEGAL CONSEQUENCES FOR THE STAFF OR PATIENT INCIDENT REPORT
FOR WHICH PROCEDURE WOULD TRENDELENBURG POSITION PROVIDE OPTIMAL VISUALIZATION HYSTERECTOMY
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A NONADHERENT DRESSING ADAPTIC
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A FENESTRATED DRAPE APERTURE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TERMS DESCRIBES A HERNIA THAT OCCURS WITHIN HESSELBACH'S TRIANGLE DIRECT
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING INCISIONS IS OBLIQUE KOCHER
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DILATORS ARE USED IN THE COMMON DUCT BAKES
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A MICHANICAL METHOD OF HEMOSTASIS LIGATURE
THE ORGAN THAT IS CONNECTED BY A DUCT TO THE DUODENUM IS THE PANCREAS
A BRAIN TUMOR CAUSIN ALTERATION OF MUSCLE TONE, VOLUNTARY MUSCLE COORDINATION, GAIT AND BALANCE WOULD LIKELY BE LOCATED IN THE CEREBELLUMM
WHAT IS THE TERM FOR A RELATIONSHIP THAT BENEFITS ONE ORGANISMAT THE EXPENSE OF ANOTHER PARASITISM
WHAT TUPE OF DISEASE IS CHARACTERIZED BY RAPID ONSET AND A RAPID RECOVERY ACUTE
WHICH ORGANELLE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY MITOCHONDRIA
WHAT TYPE OF ANESTHESIA IS A COMMBINATION OF INHALATION AND INTRAVENOUS DRUGS BALANCED
WHO IS ULTIMATELY RESPONSIBLE FOR OBTAINING THE SURGICAL INFORMED CONSENT SURGEON
WHAT POSITION IS MOST COMMONLY USED FOR NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES SUPINE
THE OUTER LAYER OF THE INSTESTINE SEROSA
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING SOLUTIONS SHOULD BE USED TO PREP THE DONOR SITE FOR A SPLIT THICKNESS SKIN GRAFT CHLORHEXIDINE
WHAT TYPE OF DRAPE WOULD BE USED FOR A FLANK PROCEDURE TRANSVERSE
WHERE SHOULD THE SAFETY STRAP BE PLACED ON A PATIENT WHO IS IN THE SUPINE POSITION OVER THE THIGHS
WHICH SURGICAL PROCEDURE IS PERFORMED TO CORRECT AN ABNORMALITY IN WHICH THE URETHRAL MEATUS IS SITUATED ON THE SUPERIOR ASPECT OF THE PENIS EPISPADIAS REPAIR
WICH THERMAL METHOD OF HEMOSTASIS UTLIZES INTENSE, FOCUSED, LIGHT LASER
WHAT IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE HYPERTENSION
THE LARYNX IS LOCATED BETWEEN THE PHARYNX AND TRACHEA
THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF RETINAL DTACHMENT IS TRAUMA
WHAT POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATION IS ASSOCIATED WITH TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY PULMONARY EMBOLISM
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A TYPE OF PASSIVE DRAIN PENROSE
THE VOCAL CORDS ARE LOCATED IN THE LARYNX
WHAT TYPE OF ACQUIRED IMMUNITY IS A VACCINATION ARTIFICIAL ACTIVE
WHEN WOULD THE ANESTHESIA PROVIDER REQUEST CRICOID PRESSURE ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
WHICH INSTRUMENT WOULD BE USED DURING A KERATOPLASTY TO REMOVE THE CORNEA TREPHINE
WHAT IS THE REQUIRED MINIMUM NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS TO TRANSFER AN INCAPACITATED PATIENT FROM THE OR TABLE TO THE STRETCHER FOUR
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING REGULATIONS STATES THAT BLOOD AND BODY FLUIDS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED INFECTIOUS STANDARD PRECAUTIONS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A MAJOR SOURCE OF DISTRESS FOR TODDLER AND PRESCHOOL AGE PATIENTS BEING TRANSPORTED TO THE OPERATING ROOM SERPERATION ANXIETY
WHICH STRUCTURE HAS ORAL, NASAL, AND LARYNGEAL DIVISIONS PHARYNX
OTOPLASTY IS PERFORMED TO CORRECT A CONGENITAL DEFORMITY OF WHICH STRUCTURE EAR
AN INJURY A PATIENT SUSTAINS AS A RESULT OF THE CARE GIVEN BY A HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL IS CALLED LATROGENIC
THE HIGHLY VASCULAR LAYER OF THE EYE THAT ABSORBS LIGHT RAYS AND NOURISHES THE RETINA IS THE CHOROID
ACCORDING TO MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE PATIENT SATISFYING WHEN HE/SHE TRUST THE SURGICAL TEAMS ABILITIES SAFETY
WHICH ANEURYSM USUALLY DEVELOPS BETWEEN THE RENAL AND ILIAC ARTERIES ABDOMINAL AORTIC
THE AGENT USED TO FLUSH AN ARTERY TO PREVENT CLOTTING HEPARIN
WHAT IS THE NEXT STEP FOR REATTACHMENT OF A SEVERED DIGIT AFTER DEBRIDEMENT BONE TO BONE FIXATION
WHAT TYPE OF SKIN GRAFT INCLUDES THE EPIDFERMIS AND ALL OF THE DERMIS FULL THICKNESS
WHICH MUSCLE TYPE IS STRIATED AND VOLUNTARY SKELETAL
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TERMS REFERS TO ABSENCE OF THE EXTERNAL EAR MICROTIA
WHAT IS THE RECOMMENDED MAXIMUM TIME LIMIT FOR A TOURNIQUET TO REMAIN ON AN ADULT LOWER EXTREMITY 1 1/2
WHICH ORGANISM CAUSES GAS GANGRENE CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS
CHEST ROLLS SHOULD SPAN THE DISTANCE BILATERALLY BETWEEN WHICH TWO ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT TO ILIAC CREST
WHICH OSSICLE OF THE MIDDLE EAR COVERS THE OVAL WINDOW STAPES
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE KRASKE POSITION JACKKNIFE
WHAT TYPE OF SPONGE IS TIGHTLY ROLLED COTTON TAPE USED BY SURGEONS FOR BLUNT DISSECTION KITNER
WHICH OF THESE INSTRUMENTS WOULD BE USED DURING A KERATOPLASTY COTTINGHAM PUNCH
A PARTIALLY DISLOCATED JOINT IS SUBLUXATION
WHAT CONDITION IS CHARACTERIZED BY BUILD UP OF FATTY DEPOSITS SUCH AS CHOLESTEROL ATHEROSCLEROSIS
PLASTER ROLLS FOR CASTING SHOULD BE SUBMERGED IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING LUKEWARM WATER
THE AVASCULAR, CLEAR PORTION OF THE EYE COVERING THE IRIS IS THE CORNEA
HOW OFTEN SHOULD SURGICAL MASK BE CHANGED AFTER EACH CASE
WHICH TERM DESCRIBES A ROD SHAPED MICROORGANISM BACILLUS
WHEN USING THE WARM CYCLE OF THE ETO STERILZER, WHAT IS THE MINIMUM TEMPERATURE IN FARENHEIT 85
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ACTIONS WOULD BE A VIOLATION OF ASEPTIC TECHNIQUE REPOSITIONING PENETRATING TOWEL CLIP
WHICH LEGAL PRINCIPLE APPLIES WHEN THE PATIENT IS GIVEN THE WRONG DOSE OF THE LOCAL ANESTHETIC RES IPSA LOQUITOR
THE SPACE BETWEEN THE VOCAL CORDS IS CALLED BLOTTIS
WHICH BACTERIA COULD BE FOUND IN A PENETRATING WOUND CAUSED BY A RUSTY NAIL Clostridium tetani
Which of the following retractors is used for spinal nerve roots Love
What is another name for the electrosurgical unit's patient return electrode Grounding pad
what size of Foley catheter is commonly used for adults Foley
Which of the following tumors is typically benign, encapsulated, and arises from tissue covering the central nervous system structures Schwannoma
The fibrous white layer that gives the eye it's shape Sclera
What is the term for thread-like appendages that provide bacteria with motion Flagella
what surgical position provides optimal visualization of the lower abdomen or pelvis Trendelenburg
How many hours must an item submerse in glutaraldehyde to sterilize 10
When a patient's blood pressure is 135/81, 135 is the Systolic
a term referring to a waxy secretion in the external ear canal is Cerumen
Which of the following is an ossicle of the middle ear Incus
What is the term for the process of removing blood from an extremity prior to inflating the pneumatic tourniquet Exsanguination
Which of the following may require probing and dilating in pediatric patients with upper respiratory infections Nasal duct
Which surgical team members is responsible for setting up the sterile field Surgical Technologist
In what circumstances would cell-saver transfusion be contraindicated Cancer procedures
Use of an intraluminal stapler (EEA) would be indicated for which of the following surgical procedures Sigmoidectomy
Satinsky, Herrick, and Mayo clamps may be specifically used on which of the following structures Kidney pedicle
The nasal cavity is divided into two portions by the Septum
Which of the following is used by the surgeon to intermittently remove prostatic tissue fragments during a TURP Ellik evacuator
Which type of hematoma is a result of torn bridging meningeal veins Subdural
In addition to temperature, time and moisture, what is the fourth factor that determines the outcome of the steam sterilization process Concentration
The Bowie-Dick test is performed Monthly
The spiral, conical structure of the inner ear is the Stapes
What is the name of the condition in which a loop of bowel herniates into the Douglas's cul-De-Sac Cystocele
Which of these conditions is characterized by a fleshy encroachment of conjunctiva onto the cornea Pterygium
Which procedure would be listed in OR schedule for patient undergoing surgical treatment of uterine fibroids Myomectomy
Where is a Baker's cyst located Popliteal fossa
Which of the following is a method of high level disinfection 2% glutaraldehyde for 20 min
Another name for tympanic membrane is Eardrum
What is the burn degree classification that involves the epidermis and subcutaneous tissue Third
Which portion of the ear is affected by Meniere's syndrone Inner
The cartilaginous nasal septum is anterior to which bone Vomer
The most reliable method for termining the efficiency of moist heat sterilizers is the controlled use of biological indicators containing the organism Bacillus stearothermophilus
Which neurosurgical pathology would a myelogram diagnose Spinal Stenosis
How many hours must the steam sterilization biological indicator incubate 24
The nasal sinus located between the nose and the orbits is the Ethmoid
What is the definition of otosclerosis Bony overgrowth of stapes
Which of the following terms describes a fracture in which the bone penetrates the skin Compound
For which of the following procedures would a McBurney incision be indicated Appendectomy
What degrees Celsius is the steam sterilization biological indicator incubated 55-60
What is the medical term for removal of the uterus Hysterectomy
Which of the following methods removes small organic particles and soil from the box locks and ratchets of instruments Ultrasonic washer
What is the medical term for nosebleed Epistaxis
What is the proper method for preparing a frazier suction tip for steam sterilization Distilled water in lumen
Which of the following is a telescoping of the intestines in neonates requiring immediate surgical intervention Intussusception
The minimum Fahrenheit temperature for sterilization to occur in a prevacuum steam sterilizer is 270-276
What is the name of the procedure for exision of the tunica vaginalis Hydocelectomy
what is the minimum number of minutes to sterilize unwrapped metal instruments with lumens in the gravity displacement sterilizer at 270 degrees f 10
Which of the following terms means a prolapsed bladder causing a bulge in the anterior vaginal wall Cystocele
Created by: Jmcwilliams6 on 2014-03-08



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