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Adaptations In evolutionary theory
Behaviorism A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environmental forces in producing behavior. (See page 14)
cognitive neuroscience The study of the neural mechanisms (mechanisms involving the brain
cognitive psychology The study of how people think
critical thinking Systematically evaluating information to reach reasonable conclusions. (See page 4)
Culture The beliefs
evolutionary theory A theory presented by the naturalist Charles Darwin; it views the history of a species in terms of the inherited
Functionalism An approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose
Gestalt theory A theory based on the idea that the whole of personal experience is different from simply the sum of its constituent elements. (See page 11)
Introspection A systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that requires people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts. (See page 9)
mind/body problem A fundamental psychological issue: Are mind and body separate and distinct
natural selection In evolutionary theory
nature/nurture debate The arguments concerning whether psychological characteristics are biologically innate or acquired through education
Psychoanalysis A method developed by Sigmund Freud that attempts to bring the contents of the unconscious into conscious awareness so that conflicts can be revealed. (See page 14)
psychological science The study of mind
social psychology The study of how people are influenced by their interactions with others. (See page 16)
stream of consciousness A phrase coined by William James to describe each person’s continuous series of ever-changing thoughts. (See page 10)
Structuralism An approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components. (See page 9)
Unconscious The mental processes that operate below the level of conscious awareness. (See page 14)
Created by: phayes13