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American Exp/Industr

American Expansion and Industrialization (1800s)

1825 Erie Canal completed. This artificial waterway connected the northeastern states with the newly settled areas of the West, facilitating the economic development of both regions. (Econ Dev, Regional Planning)
1839 The National Road terminates in Vandalia, Illinois. Begun in 1811 in Cumberland Maryland, it helps open the Ohio Valley to settlers. (Econ Dev)
1868 Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux begin the planning of Riverside Illinois, a planned suburban community stressing rural as opposed to urban amenities. (Planned Communities)
1869 The Union Pacific and the Central Pacific Railroads meet at Promontory Point, Utah. On May 10 to complete the first transcontinental railroad. (Econ Dev)
1878 John Wesley Powell's "Report on the Lands of the Arid Region of the United States" is published. Proposed a regional plan to both foster settlement of the arid west and conserve scarce water resources. (Conservation and Env, Reg. Plan, Landmark Pub)
1791 In his report on Manufacturers, Alexander Hamilton argues for protective tariffs for manufacturing industry as a means of promoting industrial development in the young republic. (Econ Dev, Landmark Publication)
1862 Morrill Act. Congress authorizes land grants from the Public Domain to the states. Proceeds from the sale were to be used to found colleges offering instruction in agriculture, engineering, and other practical industries. (Econ Dev, Landmark Laws)
1855 First "model tenement" built in Manhattan. (Housing)
1818 In a speech before Congress, Henry Clay proposes a plan called the American System, to allocate federal funds stimulate the national economy by combining tariffs with internal improvements, such as roads, canals, and other waterways. (Econ Dev)
1879 Debut of the "Dumbell Tenement", so called because of its shape. A form of multifamily housing widely built in New York until the end of the century, notorious for its poor living conditions (lack of air, light, space). (Housing)
1879 U.S. Geological Survey established to survey and classify all Public Domain lands. (Econ Dev, Conservation and Env.)
1880-1884 Building of Pullman, Illinois. Model industrial town by George Pullman. (Planned Communities)
Created by: jlongabaugh