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LA History

LAH Exploration- LEAP PREP

What did Johannes Gutenberg invent? A new way to print books that was easier and less costly
To which countries did Marco Polo and Nicolo’ Polo travel? They traveled to Cathay (China), Myanmar (Burma), India, and Southwest Asia.
How did China limit its contact with other countries? By stopping all ocean voyages and by limiting trade outside of China
How did Emperor Sunni Ali keep Songhay a strong empire? By encouraging more trade
On the eastern coast of Africa, what groups of people lived in city-states? Groups of people called the Swahili
navigation the method of planning and controlling the course of a ship
cartographer a person who makes maps
astrolabe an instrument formerly used to calculate one’s position compared to the sun, moon, and stars
What sequence of events stopped Asian trade? First the Turks captured Constantinople. Then they closed trade routes to Asia.
How did Prince Henry contribute to ocean exploration? He directed Portugal’s search for a water route to Asia and set up a school for training sailors in navigation.
Why is Prince Henry known as “the explorer who stayed at home?” Prince Henry organized over 50 voyages, but never went on a single one! He also was known as Prince Henry the Navigator.
Who was the first explorer to sail around the Cape of Good Hope located at the southern tip of Africa? Bartolomeu Dias
What led to the regular sailing of ships from Europe to Asia? Vasco da Gama’s voyage around the Cape of Good Hope to India (Asia)
Who was the navigator who helped Vasco da Gama sail around the Cape of Good Hope to India (Asia)? Ahmad Ibn Majid
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas
demarcation a line that marks a boundary
treaty an agreement between nations about peace, trade, or other matters
What sequence of events led to Columbus’s expedition? After Spain was united under one religion, Ferdinand and Isabella agreed to support Columbus’s voyage.
Columbian Exchange Items brought from the Americas included cocoa, corn, potatoes, squash, tobacco, and turkeys. Items brought to the Americas were cattle, citrus fruits, diseases, grains, horses, and sugar cane
Many believe Giovanni Caboto reached the coast of present-day Newfoundland. What did he think he had found? Cathay
Why was Amerigo Vespucci’s discovery important? People realized that they had not discovered a western route to Asia, but instead had discovered an unknown continent.
Who was the first European to reach what is known as the Pacific Ocean today? Vasco Nunez de Balboa
What did Ferdinand Magellan and his crew prove? They proved that Europeans could reach Asia by sailing west.
Who was the first to sail around the world? Ferdinand Magellan Victoria was the only ship to successfully make it. Magellan was killed on an Philippine Island
What role did the Pope play in settling the argument over land ownership between Portugal and Spain? He divided the world, giving Portugal all the lands east of the line of demarcation and Spain all the lands west of the line.
conquistador any of the Spanish conquerors in the Americas during the early 1500s
When Ponce de Leon discovered Florida, what was he really looking for? Bimini and the Fountain of Youth
Why did the Indians help Cortes fight the Aztecs? Because they were unhappy with the Aztec rule
What did Cortes do after founding the settlement of Veracruz? He destroyed all but one ship to make turning back to Spain impossible.
What was the purpose of Panfilo de Narvaez’s expedition? To conquer all the lands along the Gulf of Mexico
Why were the Spanish leaders interested in finding the seven cities? They were told there was great wealth there.
The route that Coronado took looking for the Seven Cities of Gold would later be known as what? The Santa Fe Trail Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas
How did the battle against the Mobile people hurt de Soto’s army? Most of their supplies were lost in the fighting.
Who were the first Europeans to see the Mississippi River? Hernando de Soto and his expedition party
Northwest Passage (Middle Passage) a nonexistent waterway in North America thought to connect the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
What sequence of events led Verrazano to look for a Northwest Passage? Frances I gave Verrazano ships, sailors, and supplies to look for a Northwest Passage.
Who was the first European to reach the inland of what is now Canada? Jacques Cartier
What stopped Cartier from searching for a water route through the North American continent? Rapids on the St. Lawrence River forced him to turn back.
What area of North America did Henry Hudson claim for the Dutch? Hudson River Valley
presidio a Spanish fort
hacienda a large estate where cattle and sheep are raised
How did the Spanish spread Christianity throughout its new land? By building missions
How did the Indians’ lives change after the arrival of the Spanish? They were forced to work against their will; Many died of hunger, overwork, and disease; The way they worshipped changed; Some were treated cruelly
Why did Spain create settlements in North America? to obtain riches, to expand its kingdom, and to convert Indians
What did Spain do to protect its colonies from those of other European countries? Established a buffer zone in northern New Spain called the borderlands
What was the first permanent European settlement in what is now the United States? St. Augustine, Florida
Middle passage the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean that enslaved Africans were forced to endure
African Diaspora the scattering of Africans all across the world as slaves
royal colony a colony ruled directly by a monarch
proprietary colony a colony owned and ruled by one country
proprietor an owner
Who was Samuel de Champlain? cartographer sent to North America to map the places beavers were found
What did the French want from the Native Americans? beaver furs
What area did Louisiana cover in the 1600s? (Louisiana Territory) From the Appalachians in the east to the Rockies in the west and from the Great Lakes in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south
Who established trade with the Indians? Jacques Cartier
Who claimed all the Mississippi River for France? LaSalle
What is the name of the settlement on the St. Lawrence River that the Hurons called “kebec”? Quebec
What two people explored the Mississippi River? Marquette and Joliet
Name the two brothers who began a settlement in Louisiana. Iberville and Bienville
sea dog a commander of English warships that attacked Spanish ships carrying treasure
raw material a resource that can be used to make a product
armada a Spanish fleet of warships
Why did Queen Elizabeth I protect the English pirates? The pirates shared their wealth with the English government.
Who was the English sea dog that led his crew around the world? Francis Drake
List 4 reasons the English explored North America? for its resources for wealth to increase land claims to start colonies
Who was given permission by Queen Elizabeth to set up England’s first colony in North America Sir Walter Raleigh
Where did the English first set up a colony? Roanoke Island, just off the coast of present-day North Carolina
Why did this first group of colonists go back to England with Sir Francis Drake when he visited the colony? ship bringing more food and supplies had not returned from England
cash crop a crop that people raise to sell rather than use themselves
What was the House of Burgesses? the first legislature in the English colonies
Why was the House of Burgesses important? it was our country’s first form of representative government
What was the first permanent English colony in America? Jamestown, Virginia
Why did the Powhatan Confederacy fight the English colonists in Jamestown? The English seized their crops and took over more and more of the Powhatan’s land.
What problems did the Jamestown colony have? low supply of food and possible attack from Indians.
What rule did John Smith make for the colonists? Anyone who did not work, did not eat.
Why did the English continue to try to settle an English colony in North America despite the hardships? They wanted to make money.
Created by: NoelleBordelon