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anticipatory compounding preparing excess product (besides an individual compound prescription) in reasonable quantities; these preparations must be labeled with lot numbers
beyond-use dating the documentation of the date after which a compounded preparation expires and should no longer be used
blending the act of combining two substances using techniques such as spatulation, sifting, and tumbling
Class III prescription balance a two-pan balance used to weigh material (120 g or less) with a sensitivity rating of +/-6 mg; also known as a Class A balance
comminution the act of reducing a substance to small, fine particles, using techniques such as trituration, levigation, and pulverization
compounded preparation a patient-specific medication prepared on-site by the technician, under the direct supervision of the pharmacist, from individual ingredients
compounding the process of preparing a medication for an individual patient from bulk ingredients according to a prescription by a licensed prescriber
compounding log a printout of the prescription for a specific patient, including the amounts or weights of all ingredients and instructions for compounding; used by the technician to prepare a compounded medication for a patient
continuous quality improvement (CQI) a process of written procedures designed to identify problems and recommend solutions
counterbalance a two-pan balance used for weighing material up to 5 kg with a sensitivity rating of +/-100 mg
digital electronic analytical balance a single-pan balance that is more accurate than Class III balances or counterbalances; it has a capacity of 100 g and sensitivity as low as +/-2 mg
diluent powder an inactive ingredient that is added to the active drug in compounding a tablet or capsule
estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) treatment consisting of some combination of female hormones
forceps an instrument used to pick up small objects, such as pharmacy weights
geometric dilution method a process that uses a mortar and pestle to gradually combine several drugs and inactive ingredients
good compounding practices (GCP) USP standards in many areas of practice to ensure high-quality compounded preparations
graduated cylinder a flask used for measuring liquids
hormone replacement therapy (HRT) therapy consisting of some combination of estrogen and progestin (female) and androgen (male) hormones
levigation a process usually used to reduce the particle size of a solid during the preparation of an ointment
manufactured products products prepared off-site by a large-scale drug manufacturer
master control record a recipe for a compound preparation that lists the name, strength, dosage form, ingredients and their quantities, mixing instructions, and beyond-use dating; many recipes available from PCCA
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) a document that contains important information on hazards and flammability of chemicals used in compounding and procedure for treatment of accidental ingestion or exposure
meniscus the moon-shaped or concave appearance of a liquid in a graduated cylinder; used during the measurement process
mortar and pestle equipment used for mixing and grinding pharmaceutical ingredients
nonsterile compounding the preparation of a medication, in an appropriate quantity and dosage form, from several pharmaceutical ingredients in response to a prescription written by a physician; sometimes referred to as extemporaneous compounding
nonvolumetric glassware a beaker or flask that is not calibrated and cannot be used to accurately measure liquids; its use is limited to store, contain, and mix liquids with other bulk ingredients
ointment slab a flat, hard, nonabsorbent surface used for mixing compounds; also known as a compounding slab
percentage of error the acceptable range of variation above and below the target measurement; used in compounding and manufacturing
pharmaceutical elegance the physical appearance of the final compounded preparation
pharmaceutical weights measures of various sizes made of polished brass, often used with a two-pan prescription balance; available in both metric and apothecary weights
Pharmacy Compounding Accrediting Board (PCAB) an organization that provides quality standards for a compounding pharmacy through voluntary accreditation
pipette a long, thin, calibrated hollow tube used for measuring small volumes of liquids
powders preparations in the form of fine particles
prescription record a computer-generated version of the compounding log that documents the compounding recipe for a specific prescription and patient
pulverization the process of reducing particle size, especially by using a solvent
punch method a method for filling capsules in which the body of a capsule is repeatedly punched into a cake of medication until the capsule is full
rapid-dissolving tablet (RDT) a tablet that disintegrates rapidly (within 30 seconds) on the tongue
sifting a process used to blend powders through the use of a sieve
spatula a stainless steel, plastic, or hard rubber instrument used for transferring or mixing solid pharmaceutical ingredients
spatulation a process used to blend ingredients, often used in the preparation of creams and ointments
stability the extent to which a compounded product retains the same physical and chemical properties and characteristics it possessed at the time of preparation
sterile compounding the preparation of a parenteral product in the hospital, home healthcare, nuclear, or community pharmacy setting; an example is an intravenous antibiotic or an ophthalmic solution
trituration the process of rubbing, grinding, or pulverizing a substance to create fine particles, generally by means of a mortar and pestle
tumbling a process used to combine powders by placing them in a bag or container and shaking it
volumetric measurement a calibrated graduated cylinder or pipette that accurately measures liquids
weighing boat a plastic container used to weigh large quantities of chemicals
weighing paper a special paper that is placed on a weighing balance pan to avoid contact between pharmaceutical ingredients and the balance tray; also called powder paper
Created by: softcrylic