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HCSS Medical Terms 4

Medical Terminology Terms 1-48 (Mrs.Aitchison)

ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament of the knee
Acquired Immunity Formation of antibodies and lymphocytes after an exposure to an antigen
Addison Disease Hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
Aden/o Gland
-algia Pain
Allergies Abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen
Anaphylaxis exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity to a foreign protein or other substance
Aneurysm enlarged, weakened area in an arteral wall, which may rupture, leading to a hemorrhage and CVA (stroke)
Angi/o Vessel
Alveoli A collection of air sacs in the lungs
Angiography X-ray of the internal anatomy of the heart and blood vessel.
Angiosarcoma A malignant tumor of the blood vessel tissue
Anoxia An abnormal condition characterized by a local or systemic lack of oxygen in the body.
Antigen A substance, usually a protein, that the body recognizes as foreign and that can invoke an immune response.
Aorta The largest artery in the body. The main trunk of the systemic arterial circulation.
Aplastic Anemia A deficiency of all of the formed elements of blood. Specifically red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Arthroscopy Visual examination of the inside of a joint with an endoscope and television camera.
Ascites Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
Ataxia Persistent unsteadiness on the feet, can be caused by a disorder involving the cerebellum; An impaired ability to coordinate movements. A staggering gait and postural imbalance are caused by a lesion in the spinal cord or cerebellum.
Atelectasis An abnormal condition characterized by a collapse of alveoli, preventing the respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen in a part of the lungs.
Ather/o Yellowish plaque, fatty substance
Atrophy Wasting away
Auscultation Listening to sounds in the blood vessels or other body structures, typically using a stethoscope
Azotemia Toxic condition is characteristic of uremia. An excess in the blood of urea, creatinine and other nitrogenous end products of protein and amino acids.
Biological therapy Treatment with substances that can stimulate the immune system to fight disease more effectively
-blast Growth of formation, immature cells
BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)
Bradycardia Slow heartbeat (slower than 60 beats per minute)
Brainstem The lower part of the brain which connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord.
Bronchioles Smallest branches of the bronchi. Terminal bronchioles lead to alveolar ducts
Bronchoscope Placed through the throat, larynx and trachea into the bronchi. .A device to observe the bronchi
BUN .Blood Urea Nitrogen .measurement of the urea levels in blood
Cachexia General ill health and malnutrition ( wasting of muscle and emaciation) and associated with severe chronic disease
CA-125 Protein marker elevated in ovarian cancer (normal range of value is 0-35)
Calcaneus .Called the heal bone. The largest bone in the foot.
Cardi/O Heart
Carcinoma in Situ Referring to localized tumor cells that have not invaded tissue.
Carcinogens Agents that cause cancer. Chemicals, drugs, radiation and viruses.
Cardiologist Is an internal medicine specialist who takes additional training in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease.
Cardiology The process of studying the heart
Cardiomegaly Enlargement of the heart
Cauterization Destruction of tissue by burning
Cephal/O Head
Cerebellum Posterior part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements and maintains balance.
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain, stroke.
Cerebrum Largest part of the brain. Functions include thinking, personality, movement, and memory.
Cervical Vertebra C1C7, The first seven vertebrae- they do not articulate (join) with the ribs. The first seven bones of the vertebral column, forming the boney aspect of the neck.
Cervix The narrow, lowermost portion of the uterus
Created by: Teacher328