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med term digestive

medical terminology digestive system

abdomin/o abdomen
amyl/o starch
an/o anus
antr/o relationship to an antrum
appendic/o appendix
-ase enzyme
bilirubin/o bilirubin
bucc/o cheek (facial)
cec/o cecum
celi/o belly abdomen
cheiol/o saliva
chol/e or bil/i gall or bile
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o or colon/o colon
dent/o or odont/o teeth
dont/o tooth
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o glyc/o sugar
glycogen/o glycogen animal starch
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum
-iasis abnormal condition
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o or cheil/o lip
lingu/o or gloss/o tongue
lip/o or steat/o fat lipids
or/o mouth oral
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
pharyng/o pharynx throat
polyp- a tumor with a pedicle
-prandial meal
proct/o anus rectum
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
spleen/o spleen
stomat/o mouth
tonsill/o tonsil
uvul/o uvula
-ase enzyme
-clysis irrigation or washing
-flux flow
-gram record
-iasis abdominal condition
-ist a specialist
-itis inflammation
-lithiasis calculus or stone
-lytic destruction or breakdown
-megaly enlargement
-orrhaphy surgical fixation or suturing
-ostomy creation of an artificial opening
-phagia eating swallowing
-prandal meal
-rrhaphy suturing in place
-spasm sudden involuntary muscle contraction
-tomy cutting incision
-tresia opening
-tripsy crushing
Ascites Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Borborygmus Rumbling gurgling sound made by moving of gas in the intestine
Bruxism Grinding the teeth involuntarily often while sleeping
Calculus Stones
Cachexia Generalized poor nutrition
Cathartic Strong laxative
Cholelithiasis Condition of having gallstones
Eructation Act of belching or raising gas from the stomach
Esophageal varices Swollen twisted veins around the distal end of the esophagus
Esophagitis Inflammation of the esophagus
Flatus Gas expelled through the anus
Gallstones Hard collections of bile that form in the gallbladder and bile ducts
Gastric ulcer Lesion on the wall of the stomach
Herpes simplex Cold sore or fever blister on the lip or nose due to the herpes virus
Hiatal hernia Protrusion of part of the stomach through the esophageal opening into the diaphragm
Hyperemesis Excessive vomiting
Ileus Intestinal obstruction that can be caused by failure of peristalsis following surgery
Intussusception Telescoping of the intestine
Laxative Medication encouraging the movement of feces
Leukoplakia White plaques or patches of mouth mucosa
Melena Black stool orfeces containing blood
Nasogastric Pertaining to the nose and stomach
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or damage to the liver
Hepatitis A Acute inflammation of the liver spread by fecal-oral contact
Hepatitis B Inflammation of the liver due to a virus transmitted by blood and body fluids
Hepatitis C Virus affecting the liver spread through blood and body fluids
apepsia Cessation of digestion
alimentary tract The digestive system
bowel Intestine
cecum First part of the large intestine
colon Large intestine – ascending transverse and descending parts
common bile duct Carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to the duodenum
duodenum First part of the small intestine
emesis Vomiting
emulsification Breaking up of large fat molecules
enamel Hard outermost layer of a tooth
enzyme A chemical that speeds up a reaction between substances
esophagus Tube connecting the mouth and the stomach
eructation Producing gas from the stomach belching
etiology Study of the cause of disease
feces Solid wastes stool
gallbladder Small sac under the liver stores bile
gavage Feeding with a stomach tube
ileum Third part of the small intestine
incisor One of four front teeth in the dental arch
insulin Hormone produced by the pancreas
jejunum Second part of the small intestine
mastication Chewing
palate Roof of the mouth
pancreas Organ under the stomach produces insulin
peristalsis Wavelike contractions of the tubes of the alimentary tract
pharynx Throat
rectum End of the colon
rugae Ridges on the hard palate and wall of the stomach
sigmoid colon Lower part of the colon shaped like an “S”
sphincter Ring of muscles
appendix Blind-ended pouch hanging from the cecum
villi Tiny microscopic projections in the walls of the small intestine to absorb nutrients into the blood stream
volvulus twisting of the intestine upon itself
Created by: cbiondillo