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MedCon 2

The following activity is for the "key terms" in chapter 2 of your textbook.

AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Allergen the environmental substance that causes a reaction
Allergy the state when the immune response is too intense to hypersensitive to an environmental substance
Anoxia no oxygen
Antibodies immunoglobulins that develop in response to an antigen; also called immune bodies; proteins that the body produces to read to and render the antigen harmless
Antigens a cell marker that induces a state of sensitivity after coming in contact with an antibody; any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus setting off this specific reaction
Atrophy a decrease in cell size, which leads to a decrease in the size of the tissue and organ
Autoimmunity a state when the immune response attacks itself
Bariatrics the branch of medicine that deals with obesity
Benign having limited growth, noncancerous
Body mass index (BMI) a measurement obtained by dividing the individual’s weight in pounds by his or her height in inches. A BMI scale uses these figures to determine levels of obesity
Cachexia a term used to describe any individual who has an ill, thin, wasted appearance
Cancer a malignant tumor
Congenital present at birth; usually concerning a congenital anomaly or an abnormality present at birth
Degenerative disease related to aging, or destruction of tissue, functions and use
Dysplasia an alteration in size, shape, and organization of cells
Encapsulated enclosed in a capsule
Enteral related to the small intestine
Gangrene a condition occurring when saprophytic (dead tissue
Hyperplasias an increase in cell number; overgrowth in response to some type of stimulus
Hypertrophy an increase in the size of the cell, leading to an increase in tissue and organ size
Hypoxia not enough oxygen in tissues
Immunodeficiency the state when the immune response is unable to defend the body due to a decrease or absence of leukocytes, primarily lymphocytes
Infarct necrosis of cells or tissues due to ischemia
Infection invasion of microorganisms into the tissue, causing cell or tissue injury, thus leading to the inflammatory response
Inflammation a basic pathologic process of cytologic and chemical reactions that occur in the blood vessels and tissues in response to an injury or irritation; a protective immune response that is triggered by any type or injury or irritant
Ischemia hypoxia of cells or tissues caused by decreased blood flow
Malignant deadly or progressing to death; cancerous
Metaplasia a cellular adaptation in which the cell changes to another type of cell
Metastasize move or spread
Metastatic moves from a site of origin to a secondary site in the body
Morbidity state of being diseased
MVAs motor vehicle accidents
Necrosis cellular death
Neoplasia the development of a new type of cell which an uncontrolled growth pattern
Neoplasms an increase in cell number, leading to an increase in tissue size; commonly called tumors
Oncology the study of tumors
Organ rejection when the body recognizes an organ (after a transplant) as foreign and attacks it, leading to organ death
Parenteral a delivery route for fluid or medications that includes subcutaneous, intramuscular an intravenous administration
TPN total parenteral nutrition; intravenously giving a special solution that meets the total nutritional needs of the individual
Trauma a physical or mental injury
Triage the prioritizing of care
Tumors “swelling” or growth, originally used in the description of the swelling related to inflammation
Created by: jillcyr