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LA History

LAH Chapter 2 Key Concepts

Sportsman Paradise: Location and physical Characteristics, activities north LA. Many lakes, hills, and forests, home to hunting and fishing.
Crossroads: Location and physical Characteristics, activities center of the state, small towns, farming, rural areas
Cajun Country: Location and physical Characteristics, activities southwest LA small towns that are 10 miles apart Cajun culture Prairie Cajun and Wetland Cajun. Prairie Cajun is mostly agriculture and livestock. Wetland Cajun is fishers and trappers
Plantation Country: Location and physical Characteristics, activities South central LA Home to Louisiana’s greatest plantations along the Mississippi River, Baton Rouge is at the center of this region
Greater New Orleans Region: Location and physical Characteristics, activities Southeastern LA New Orleans is focal point. Described as the cosmopolitan an American City that is more like a European one.
The Florida Parishes It includes the following parishes: Washington, St. Tammany, Tangipahoa, Livingston, East Feliciana, West Feliciana St. Helena, and East Baton Rouge
The Florida Parishes are different because? It was once part of the colony of West Florida.
An ethnic group a group of people who share the same traditions, beliefs, and patterns of living including language, religion, customs, and food.
Acadians: When English took control of Novia Scotia they forced the Acadians to believe in their king and follow their rules. The Acadians did not want to so the British exiled them from Nova Scotia
African Americans: Came to Louisiana several different ways. One was by the slave trade from West Africa. Another way was by being a slave from the West Indies. Free people of color came from the West Indies as well.
French-African people born in Louisiana is referred to as Creole. Today Creole means native of Louisiana.
American Indians have been in Louisiana for centuries. Some Native tribes include Chitimacha, Choctaw, Coushatta, Tunica-Biloxi, and Houma.
Anglo culture developed where? in the British Colonies on the eastern coast of the United States.
Scots-Irish - location, culture, religion? established farms in North Louisiana. Culture is Upland South and the accent is Southern. The religion is Protestant.
Germans- from where, customs? immigrated in the early colonial period. They blended with the dominant French culture. On December 6, a procession celebrating the religious feast of St. Nicholas goes from House to house
Hispanics: from where, live now Islenos from Canary Islands are the oldest and best preserved Hispanic culture in LA. Most reside in St. Bernard Parish. The Hispanics in Sabine Parish come from Texas. Cuban community developed in New Orleans. The most recent Hispanics from Mexico.
Italians: jobs, live now, custom? Farmers raised vegetables and strawberries. Largest group lives in Independence. Custom of St. Joseph Altar is now a Louisiana culture It is a feast for friends.
Croatians:from where, job, and where do they live now? Came from the Adriatic Sea and brought sailing skills and developed the oyster industry. Most live in Plaquemines Parish.
Filipino: jobs? Shrimpers
Vietnamese: job and location? Fishermen in Louisiana’s coastline.
Three largest rivers in Louisiana are The Mississippi, The Red, and the Atchafalaya.
Waterways that serve as boundaries of Louisiana are: The Mississippi between Mississippi and Louisiana, The Pearl River is between lower Louisiana and Mississippi, The Sabine River and Toledo Bend is between Louisiana and Texas, and the Gulf of Mexico in the South.
The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway extends from the Panhandle of Florida to Brownsville, TX. It provides a channel for ships. Because of this channel Lake Charles is Louisiana’s third largest port.
Mississippi River - known as _____ and _____ Drans in ____ states is a vital part of Louisiana. The Great River, or River of the Holy Spirit. The basin of the Mississippi is the body of the nation. It drains at least part of 31 states.
Atchafalaya River - means what? where does it get its water from? 30% of water comes from where? means long river. It gets the water from the Red River as well as 30% of the volume from the Mississippi River.
The largest manmade lake Toledo Bend
The largest natural lake is Lake Ponchatrain.
nation’s fifth largest water reservoir Toledo Bend
The two lagoonal lakes are: Lake Borgne and Lake Maurepas and open into the lake. It has brackish water (a mixture of salt water and fresh water).
An interesting cutoff lake is? How was it formed? Cane River Lake. It formed when the Red River took a shortcut and left the town without a river.
comes from Choctaw language means creek Bayou
called the longest main street in the world because so many people live there. Bayou Lafourche
The French called it Sleeping Water because of the slow moving currents. Some are long and deep while others are less than a mile and shallow enough to walk across. Bayou
offered navigation route for steamboats. Bayou Teche
Elevation: the height of a place above sea level
Relief: The difference between the highest point and lowest point in a given region
Mississippi Flood Plain Mississippi Flood Plain: follows the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. the level land along a river that is likely to flood.
Mississippi Flood Plain Crop Cotton
Mississippi Flood Plain Soil alluvial (deposited by the river) The soil is fertile and produces natural vegetation and agricultural crops.
The Natural Levee Natural riverbanks built up over time by the silt deposited by flooding. About 10-15 feet high.
The Natural Levee trees? Trees that grow there are usually willows, cottonwoods, and sycamores.
Swamp: lowest part of the river basin. Swamp is water with trees.
Swamp trees? Cypress and tupelo gum trees live in the swamp.
The Passes routes the Mississippi River takes to merge with the Gulf of Mexico. Can be called a Delta because it is triangular shaped.
The estuary (where the river meets the sea) the water changes from freshwater to saltwater.
Estuary vegetation The vegetation is marsh grasses.
Terraces Region the old Mississippi Floodplain.
Three divisions of the Terrace Region Blufflands, Prairies, and Flatwoods.
Blufflands: What are they? What do they look like? What grows there? are the old natural levees and are the highest points They have vertical slopes on high bluffs. Magnolia trees, dogwood, holly, ash and oak trees along with ferns, green mosses, and wildflowers.
Prairies: What are they? What do they look like? What grows there? Flat part of the old natural levees Grasses and wildflowers grow there. Common plants are broom sedge, bluestem sedge.
Flatwoods:What grows there? Drains well allows trees to grow. Pine and hardwood forests called pineywoods
Marsh Region: wet, treeless prairie covered with water and grasses. Marsh is found along the coast. Migrating birds return to feed on the marsh. 180 species have been seen from Canadian geese to hummingbirds.
The region closest to the Gulf of Mexico is called what? called the salt marsh whose waters are brackish. Freshwater marsh has different plants such as cattail and iris
Salt Domes: Found in the salt marsh. They have mineral treasures such as sulphur, petroleum and salt.
5 islands Avery Island, Weeks Island, Jefferson Island, Cote Blanche, and Belle Isle.
Avery Island has a – Tabasco Factory because of the amount of salt.
Weeks Island stores what? petroleum part of the emergency reserve supply maintained by the Department of Energy
Red River Valley Region: location? What is the terrain? What kind of soil? Northwestern corner to central part of Louisiana. It has a single stream with natural levees and low-lying areas. Red fertile soil comes from Oklahoma and Texas. Trees such as willow, cottonwood, sweet gum, and sycamore.
Hills Region: Where? Refers to what? Soil? North LA and toe of the boot Refers to rock formation Ridges (wolds) formed in the uplift as erosion wore down the surrounding rock. Iron makes the soil reddish color and is not fertile.
Highest point of LA. Driskill Mountain 535 (Hills Region)
Created by: NoelleBordelon