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Medical Term. Words

Chapter 2

Medial Refers to the middle or near the middle of the body
Posterior more toward the back or spinal cord side of the body
Anterior More toward the front or belly side of the body
Inferior more toward the feet or tail, or below another structure
Superior more toward the head or above another structure
viscera Name of the internal organs of the body
Thoracic Cavity Ventral body cavity in the chest that contains lungs and heart
Spinal Cavity Dorsal body cavity within the spinal column that contains the spinal cords
mediastinum central region of chest cavity, contains organs between the lungs ( heart , aorta, esophagus, and trachea)
Diaphragm Major muscle of inspiration. Separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity
Cranial Cavity A dorsal body cavity. it is within the skull and contains the brain
abdominopelvic cavity a ventral cavity consisting of the abdominal and pelvic cavities. contains digestive, urinary, and reproductive organs
supine Body lying down horizontally facing upward
prone body lying down horizontally facing downward
distal located farther away from the point of attachment to the body
proximal located nearer to the point of attachment to the body
lateral refers to the side
superficial more towards the surface of the body
deep farther away from the surface of the body
four quadrants Right upper quadrant , right lower quadrant , left upper quadrant , left lower quadrant
abdominal cavity the superior portion of the abdominopelvic cavity
Epigastric above the stomach
intervertabral between the vertebrae
intramuscular within the muscle
pericardium around the heart
postnasal behind the nose
retrostrenal behind the sternum
substrenal under the sternum
suprastrenal above the sternum
transurethral across the urethra
cytology the study of cells and its function
histology study of tissues
4 Basic Types of Tissues Muscle, Epithelial, connective, and nervous
organ several different types of tissues that work as a unit to perform special functions
organ system several organs working together in a coordinated manner to perform a function or funtions
Anatomic position Body standing up straight, arms to the side, palms facing forward. Eyes looking straight ahead, feet and toes pointing forward
Sagittal Plane splits body into right and left portions (aka medial)
Frontal (coronal) Plane divides body into a front and back side
Transverse (Horizontal) Plane Divides body into upper and lower portions
Created by: avilak