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Joe Sci 7 Genetics

chromosomes cell part that determines what traits a living thing will have
Dominant gene whose trait always shows itself
genotype describes the actual genes you have in your DNA
Gregor Medel 1st to study genetics and is known as the Father of Modern Genetics
inbreeding mating closely related organisms to get desirable traits (racehorses, gene splicing)
meiosis type of cell division that produces gametes
mitosis division of the nucleus
phenotpe describes the physical characteristics displayed by your genes (eye color, hair color)
pure strain same like traits same as homozygous example BB, bb
recessive gene of a trait that is hidden when the dominate gene is present
adaptations trait that helps an organism survive in its environmetn
Charles Darwin founder of modern theory of modern evolution
evolution process by which organisms change over time.
fossils remains of traces of a once living organism
natural selection survival of offspring that have favorable traits
animals one of the Five Kingdoms
autotroph organism that can MAKE ITS OWN FOOD
binomial nomenclature a 2 name naming stem to identify an organism. Uses the Genus and Species
class one of the seven classification made pup of related orders
classificaiton grouping things according to similarities
family one of the 7 classification levels mad up of related geneses
Fungi plantlike organisms that lacks chlorophyll
genus made up of two or more species that are very much alike
heterotroph organism that can not makes its own food
how are organisms classified based on how they are alike
kingdom classification group made up of relate phyla
kings play cards on fat green stools Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order Family, and Genus
Monera single celled organism that does not have a true nucleus
order the 4/7 classification system it has carnivora species in order
phylum classification group made up of related classes
plants a living thing that grows and produces photosynthesis
Protists simple organism that has cells with nuclei
Scientific name made up of genus and species names of an organism
species group of organisms that look alike and can reproduce among themselves
algae plant like protists that contain chlorophyll that make their own food through photosynthesis
budding the growth of a new organism front eh parent organism
cilia tiny hairline structures that help organisms move and move food
contractile vacuole space in the cytoplasm of algae euglena that stores water.
Euglena a ptotista that has a chloroplast and can make its own food
fission the separation of cells
flagellum whip like structure on a cell that helps with movement
mold common type of fungi that grows on bread and food
oral groove a mouth like structure in a paramecium that collects food particles
pseudopods fingerlike extension of cytoplasm
spore cases structure that contains spores
spores reproductive structure found in fungi and some plants
sporulation kind of asexual reproduction in which a new organism forms from species released from a parent
yeast colorless, unicellular fungi used to make bread rise
Created by: acpierson