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Chapter 18-20 Vocab.

World Geography

TermDefinition
Domestication The process of training and breeding animals for use by humans.
Communism A system of government controls that means of production, determining what goods will be made, how much workers will be paid, and how much items will cost.
Inland Sea A sea that is almost completely surrounded by land.
Tundra A dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow.
Taiga Thinly scattered, coniferous forests found in Europe and Asia.
Steppe A temperature grassland found in Europe and Asia.
Multiethnic Composed of many ethnic groups.
Ethic Group People who share such things as culture, language, and religion.
Acid Rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock: a form of chemical weathering.
Infant Mortality The number of children per 1,000 live births who die within the first year.
Maternal Mortality The number of women who died due to pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100,000 live births.
Life Expectancy The number of years an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics.
Eurasia The name some geographers suggest should be used for the landmass of Europe and Asia.
National Identity A person's sense of what makes them a nation.
Ghetto A section of a city in which a particular minority group is forced to live.
Holocaust The execution of 6 million Jews in Nazi concentration camps during World War II
Velvet Revolution A revolution without bloodshed, which took place in Czechoslovakia during the late 1980's.
Privatization The process of selling government-owned industries and businesses to private owners.
Collective Farm A government-owned farm managed by workers who share the profits from their produce.
Balkanize The break up into small, mutually hostile political units, as occurred in the Balkans after World War 1.
Entrepreneur A go-getter individual who starts and builds a business.
Multiplier Effect The effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy.
Annex To formally incorporate into a country or a state the territory of another.
Diversify To increase the variety of.
Chernozem A rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid'latitude grasslands.
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen.
Czar An emperor of Russia.
Abdicate To surrender one's office, throne, or authority.
Soviet In the former Soviet Union, any one of various governing councils.
Command Economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
Glasnost A policy of openness introduced in the Soviet Union in the late 1980's.
Perestroika In the former Soviet Union. a policy of economic restructuring.
Ruble The currency of Russia.
Black Market The system of selling goods and services outside of official channels.
Created by: griceloviedo