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Geography 90

Ch. 18-20 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Domestication The process of training and breeding animals for use by humans
Communism A system of government in which the government controls the means of production, determining what goods will be made, how much workers will be paid, and how much items will cost
Eurasia The name some geographers suggest should be used for the landmass of Europe and Asia
Inland Sea A sea that is almost completely surrounded by land
Tundra A dry treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
Taiga Thinly scattered, coniferous forests found in Europe and Asia
Steppe A temperate grassland found in Europe and Asia
Multiethnic Composed of many ethnic groups
Ethnic Group People who share such things as culture, language, and religion
Acid Rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering
Infant Mortality The number of children per 1,000 live births who die within the first year
Maternal Mortality The number of women who died due to pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100,000 live births
Life Expectancy The number of years an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics
National Identity A people's sense of what makes them a nation
Ghetto A section of a city in which a particular minority group is forced to live
Holocaust The execution of 6 million Jews in Nazi concentration camps during World War II
Velvet Revolution A revolution without bloodshed, which took place in Czechoslovakia during the late 1980s
Privatization The process of selling government-owned industries and businesses to private owners
Collective Farm A government-owned farm managed by workers who share the profits from their produce
Balkanize To break up into small, mutually hostile political units, as occurred in the Balkans after World War I
Entrpreneur A go-getter individual who starts and builds a business
Multiplier Effect The effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy
Annex To formally incorporate into a country or state the territory of another
Diversify To increase the variety of
Chernozem A rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen
Czar An emperor of Russia
Abdicate To surrender one's office, throne, or authority
Soviet In the former Soviet Union, any one of various governing councils
Command Economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government
Glasnost A policy of openness introduced in the Soviet Union in the late 1980s
Perestroika In the former Soviet Union, a policy of economic restructuring
Ruble The currency of Russia
Black Market The system of selling goods and services outside of official channels
Created by: Diego Solis