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History Vocab Ch. 10

Queen Liliuokalani Was the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii
Imperialism The policy of extending a nation's authority over other countries by economic, political, or military means
Alfred T. Mahan Was a United States Navy flag officer, geostrategist, and historian, who has been called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century"
William Seward Was an American politician from the state of New York. He served as the 12th Governor of New York, United States Senator and the United States Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson
Pearl Harbor A lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu. Much of the harbor and surrounding lands is a United States Navy deep-water naval base. It is also the headquarters of the United States Pacific Fleet
Sanford B. Dole Was a lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory
José Martí A Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature
Valeriano Weyler A Spanish general, and Governor General of the Philippines and Cuba
yellow journalism The use of sensationalized and exaggerated reporting by newspapers or magazines to attract readers
U.S.S. Maine Was the first U.S. Navy ship to be named after the state of Maine. Originally classified as an armored cruiser, she was built in response to the Brazilian battleship Riachuelo and the increase of naval forces in Latin America
George Dewey Was an admiral of the United States Navy. He is best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War
Rough Riders A volunteer calvary regiment, commanded by Lenard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt, that served in the Spanish-American War
San Juan Hill Was a decisive battle of the Spanish–American War
Treaty of Paris TThe treaty ending the Spanish-American War, in which Spain freed Cuba, turned over the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and sold the Philippines to the United States for $20 million
Foraker Act Legislation passed by Congress in 1900, in which the U.S. ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government
Platt Amendment A series of provisions that,in 1901,the U.S. insisted Cuba add to its new constitution,commanding Cuba to stay out of debt and giving the U.S. the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy or lease Cuban land for naval and fueling stations
protectorate A country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power
Emilio Aguinaldo First president of Philippines
John Hay Was an American statesman, diplomat, author, journalist, and private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln.
Open Door Notes Messages sent by Secretary of State John Hay in 1899 to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan, asking the countries not to interfere with U.S. trading rights in China
Boxer Rebellion A 1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to free their country from Western influence
Panama Canal An artificial waterway cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between the At;antic and Pacific oceans, opened in 1914
Roosevelt Corollary An extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, under which U. S. claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of Western Hemisphere nations
dollar diplomacy The U.S. policy of using the nation's economic power to exert influence over other countries
Francisco "Pancho" Villa Was one of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals
Emiliano Zapata Was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, the main leader of the peasant revolution in the state of Morelos, and the founder of the agrarian movement called Zapatismo
John J. Pershing Was a general officer in the United States Army who led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I
Created by: TristanAcker