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PHS Unit 4

Legal & Ethical Responsibilities of Healthcare Workers

HIPAA stands for? Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act
HIPAA is regulates what? Confidential information should not be disclosed (given) to anyone without paper authorization or permission.
Criminal law is? Focuses on wrongs against a person, property or society.
Civil Law is? Focuses on legal relationships between people and the protection of a person's rights.
Tort is? A civil wrong; where a person's behavior has caused someone harm.
Negligence is? Failure to give care that is normally expected of a person in a particular position with resulting injury to another person (ex: Bath water too hot.
Malpractice is? Failure of a professional to use the skill/learning normally expected in a particular profession resulting in injury, loss, or damage to the person receiving care; "professional negligence" (ex: Amputating the wrong limb).
Abuse is? Any action that results in physical harm, pain or mental anguish.
An example of physical abuse is? hitting, kicking
An example of verbal abuse is? yelling, name calling
An example of psychological abuse is? Threats/intimidation
Sexual abuse is? Unwanted sexual touching
Assault is? Any threat/attempt to injure another person.
Battery is? Unlawful touching of another person without their permission (Ex: performing a procedure on a patient without their consent).
Invasion of privacy is? Unnecessary exposure of an individual or revealing personal information about an individual without permission (Ex: not closing the door during a patient exam).
False imprisonment is? Restraining an individual or restricting an individual's freedom
Defamation is? Damaging a person's name/reputation by making statements that are false.
Slander is? Spoken defamation
Libel is? Written defamation.
Privileged information is? Any/all information concerning patients should only be shared with the hospital employees who are caring for that patient.
Exemptions to privileged information are? births/deaths, suspected abuse (injuries resulting in violence), drug abuse and infectious diseases.
Ethics is? Set of principles dealing with what is morally right or wrong.
An advance directive is? A patient's instructions, usually related to end-of-life issues regarding what medical treatment they want or do no want if they are unable to express their wishes.
A living will is? Document allowing individuals to state what measures should or should not e used to prolong life if their condition is terminal.
A power of attorney is? Document permitting another individual to appoint another person to make any decisions regarding health care if the patient is unable to make those decisions.
Created by: vorachekt