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Schizo and Psychosis

Schizophrenia Spectrum and Psychotic Disorders

***Psychotic Disorders to Follow*** *
Erroneous beliefs that usually involve a misinterpretation of perceptions or experiences ? * Delusions - can either be non-bizarre or bizarre (most are non-bizarre, b/c most can actually occur/ can't prove they can't)
Distortions in perception? Hallucination- auditory (common), tactile, visual, olfactory
Conversations that slip off track, combine many random weird things not pertaining to convo, flight of ideas? * Disorganized Speech/Thinking
Unkempt look, easily agitated, inappropriate sex behavior, and show child like silliness ? * Disorganized Behavior
Types of Symptoms these psychotic people will show ? * Positive Sx = present and shouldn't be there (excess)---delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech/behavior *Negative Sx = missing and should be there (loss)---flat expressions, low speech, feels no pleasure
Brief Psychotic Disorder Dx Criteria ? * Presence of at least one of the following: -Delusions-Hallucinations-Disorganized speech-Disorganized or catatonic behavior *atleast 1 day duration, but under 1 month * return to NORMAL after episode *not manic or bipolar
Delusional Disorder Dx Sx ? * Constant delusions for at least one month and behavior isn't odd/bizarre *Delusions include constant thinking that someone is in love with them, think they have a great talent no one can see, super jealous, paranoid, somatic Sx
Schizophrenia Dx Criteria ? * have 2 or more of Criteria A, and meet Criteria B-F.
Criteria A ? * Delusions-Hallucinations-Disorganized speech-Disorganized or catatonic behavior Negative symptoms (e.g., flat affect, avolition) *have 2 or more
Criteria B ? * Social or occupational dysfunction
Criterion C ? * Continuous signs persist for at least 6 months
Criteria D-f ? * rule out other disorders
Usually comes before Schizophrenia, Schizophreniform, differs in 2 ways, what are those ways ? * same criteria, except duration is 1 - 6 months *see no social dysfunction like is s.phrenia
Prognostic features that usually help predict a Positive psychosis outcome ? * acute onset, short Sx, older age onset, good functioning before
Prognostic features that usually help predict a Negative psychosis outcome ? * young age onset, previous psych issues, absent mood, long Sx durations
Schizoaffective Disorder Dx Criteria ? * uninterrupted period of illness which there is either a Major Depressive Episode, a Manic Episode with Sx that meet criteria A for Schizophrenia * During that period, there has been atleast a 2 week off period from their mood issue
Schizoaffective Disorder basics ? * Mood comes and goes, but psychosis is constant (delusions/hallucinations)
Catatonia Sx ? * waxy flexibility (hold position ppl put them in), mutism (little talk), Negativism (no rxn to external stimuli or instructions), Echolalia (mimick voices), Echopraxia (mimick mvts)
*** Dissociative Disorders to Follow *** .
Dissociative Identity Disorder Sx ? * someone who literally has two completely different personalities (Dr.Jek/Mr.Hyde or possessions) *have gaps of memory loss b/c of switching between identities
Dissociative Amnesia Sx ? * An inability to recall important autobiographical information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature, that is inconsistent with ordinary forgetting
Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder Sx ? * Presence of persistent or recurrent experiences of depersonalization, derealization, or both
Describe Depersonalization/Derealization ? *Depersonalization = detachment from self (outside observer of there body, emotions, actions) *Derealization = detachment from environment (surroundings are dream like, foggy, or visually distorted)
Created by: thamrick800