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Milady ch 9

Nail Disorders and disease

Nail Disorder Caused by injury or disease
Hemotoma/Bruised Dark purple spot under the nail
Onychomalacia Egg Shell Nail noticeably thin white nail plates that are more flexible than normal
Beau's Lines Visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate. The matrix slows down production of nail cells
Agnail/Hangnail the living skin around the nail plate splits or tears
Signs of Infection redness pain swelling redness or puss
Leukonychia Spots white spots caused by injury to nail matrix
Melanonychia Darkening of the fingernails or toenails
Onychophagy Bitten Nails
Plicatured Nail Highly curved nail plate also called folded nail and often leads to ingrown nails.
Nail Pterygium An abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched by the nail plate.
Ridges Raised lines in the nail bed that run down the length of the natural nail plate.
Splinter hemorrhages Trauma to the nail damages the capillaries allowing a small amount of blood to flow and stain the nail bed causing the appearance of a "splinter" under the nail.
Pincer Nail Increased curvature of the nails, has the appearance of a "pinched nail"
Trumpet Nail Increased curvature of the nails, the nail spirals giving the appearance of a "trumpet"
Fungus Living parasites that can infect hands and nails.
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Staphylococcus aureus bacteria infection (staph infection) in which the naturally occurring bacteria of the nail grows rapidly discoloring the nail with a yellow green spot that gets darker.
Onychosis is any deformity or disease of the nails
Onychocryptosis The nail has grown into the tissue surrounding the nail plate, also called ingrown nails
Onycholysis lifting of the nail plate without shedding the nail
Onychomadesis the separation and falling off of the nail plate from the bed
Nail Psoriasis tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface of the nail plate
Paronychia a bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail
Pyrogenic Granuloma severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate
Tinea Pedis medical term for fungal infections of the feet also called athletes feet
Onychomycosis fungal infection of the nail plate
Created by: beckieharris