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Ch. 14-17

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
cultural diffusion the process by which people adopt the practices of their neighbors
renaissance the revival of art, literature and learning that took place in europe
industrial revolution the shift from human power to machine power
summit the highest point of a mountain or similar elevation
prevailing westerlies the constant flow of air from west to east in the temperature zones of the earth
euro the common currency used by member nations of the European union
compulsory required
fertile able to produce abundantly
ore a rock material containing a valuable mineral
tertiary economic activity an economic acctivity in which people do not directly gather or proccess raw materials but pursue activities that serve others
moor broad treeless rolling land often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog
bog an area of wet spongy ground
glen a narrow valley
peat spongy material containing water logged and decaying mosses and plants sometimes dried and used as fuel
cultural the way of life that distinguishes a people
blight a plant disease
fjord A narrow valley or inlet from the sea
geothermal energy energy produced from the earth's intense interior.
mixed economy a system combining different degrees of government regulation
Dilect A variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community
Impressionism A style of art where where painters try to catch visual impression made by color, liht, and shadows
nationalize To bring business under state control
recession An extended decline in business activity.
Confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereighty but give limited power to a cetral government
Reparation money paid for for war damages.
Inflation A sharp widespread rise in price
Lignite A soft brownish-black coal
Dike An embankment of earth and rock built to hold back water
Polder an area of low-lying land that has been reclaimed
Decentralize to transfer government power to smaller regions
Canton a political division or state; one of the states in witzerland
Neutral a material in the natural environment that people value and use satisfy their needs
Parishale Good a product that does not stay fresh for long.
Strip mining The process whereby miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits.
Navigable Deep and wide enough to allow the passage of ships
Dry Farming A farming technique that leaves land unplanted every few years in order to gather moiture
Sirocco A hot, dry wind from northern Africa.
Hub A central point of concentrated activity and influence
Seismic Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
Subsidence A geological phenomenon in which the ground in areas sink
Graben A long, narrow area that has dropped between two faults.
Inhabitable Able to support permanent residents
Tsunami A huge wave caused caused primarily by a disturbance beneath the ocean, such as an earthquake or volcanic eruption.
Created by: Diana_ramirez