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Absolutism

QuestionAnswer
How was the emergence of large Cossack bands in the Ukraine in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries related to the political economic developments to the north in Russia? The Cossacks were military colonists dispatched by the Tsar. Many Cossacks were religious dissenters who left the official Orthodox Church following the schism.
During the reigns of Ivan III and Ivan IV, Muscovite society.. saw the rise of the service nobility
After the Time of Troubles, the Romanov tsars.. relaxed the obligations of the nobility
Following the late seventeenth century schism in the Russian Orthodox church, dissenters from the official church became known as Old Believers
Peter's involvement in the Great Northern War was a consequence of.. his adherence to an aggressive alliance against Sweden
The reign of Peter the Great was characterized by incessant warfare
Peter's new tax, on "souls," made people the basis for the taxation system in Russia, not land.
Perhaps the most important consequence of Peter I's reforms was the.. widening gap between the elite and commoners.
During the Time of Troubles, Russia faced all of the following troubles except religious schism
The Baroque palaces of central and Eastern European princes were modeled on Versailles
Perhaps the most important consequence of Stenka Razin's uprising was the creation of the myth of rebellion that would inspire future generations.
How did Peter the Great approach the problem of finding labor to build his new capital of St. Petersburg? He conscripted tens of thousands of Russian peasants to work each summer
The population of St. Petersburg was compelled by Peter to reside there.
According to Olearius's description of Russian society, presented in "Listening to the Past," the Russians were.. barabians
The French military reforms included all of the following except.. exclusion of noble participation in the army.
Among the weaknesses of the French financial system under Louis XIV were all of the following except.. lack of direction in state financial and economic policy.
The enemy of the Grand Alliance during the War of the Spanish Succession was.. France
The Fronde refers to.. a rebellion by aristocrats and others early in the reign of Louis XIV
Political power in the Dutch Republic was.. controlled by an oligarchy of wealthy merchants.
The relationship between Louis XIV and the Languedoc nobles indicates, that the king often compromised and collaborated with the nobles.
The cause of the War of Spanish Succession was... The prospect of Louis XIV controlling both the French and French thrones.
Charles XII of Sweden scored a major victory over Peter the Great at the Battle of.. Narva
According to the text, which power had the most efficient military in Europe, man for man, in the early 1700s? Prussia
The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire filled the top ranks of his bureaucracy with slaves, many of them taken from the Christian Balkans as boys and converted to Islam
The accomplishments of Frederick William I included all of the following except the... conquest of new territories
The policies and actions of Frederick William I were based on his belief that the welfare of the king and state depends on the.. army
The most enduring legacy of Frederick William I was.. the abolition of the Brandenburg Estates
The Cossack leader Stenka Razin claimed that... evil officials and nobles, not the tsar, were responsible for the conditions of the pesants
In the period up to and including the reign of Peter the Great, Russia faced invasion from all of the following powers except... Austria
One important factor in the rise of princes of Moscow to domination over other Slavic cities in the area was.. cooperation with the Mongols
Many scholars believe that the Russian concept of kingship was derived from.. the Mongols
The Pragmatic Sanction issued by Charlies VI in 1713.. stated that the Habsburg lands were never to be divided
All of the following were factors in the Hungarians' fight against Habsburg absolutism except... the commercial and industrial strength of Hungary
The accomplishments of Frederick William the Great Elector, include all of the following except.. the abolition of serfdom
The Fronde were directly primarily against the authority of the absolute monarchy
According to the text, the reason that labor shortages led to freedom for peasants in western Europe and bondage for peasants in Eastern Europe was... the labor shortage was worse in western Europe
In response to the problems of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the landlords of Eastern Europe.. used political power to gain control of peasants
The first tactic employed by the landlords to cope with labor shortages was to.. restrict peasant freedom of movement
The administration of justice in Eastern Europe generally was.. controlled by local landlords
The importance and liberty of Eastern European towns were undermined, in large part, by.. nobles selling agricultural commodities directly to foreign capitalists.
As a result of the revolt by Bohemian nobility in 1618, the native Bohemian nobility was wiped out.
Absolute monarchs in Eastern Europe monopolized power in all of the following areas except.. justice
In the aftermath of the siege of Vienna in 1683, the Habsburg.. conquered most of Hungary and Translyvania
What was the impact of the Thirty Years' War on Brandenburg-Prussia? These areas were devastated by marching and countermarching armies
All of the following contributed to the Great Elector Frederick William's political victory over the Brandenburg Estates except... subsidies of the Great Elector by France.
At the Battle of White Mountain (1620).. Gustav Adolphus defeated Wallenberg's Imperial Army
Critical to the smooth functioning of the Ottoman social and political organization was.. continuous territorial expansion
In the Ottoman Empire.. there was virtually no such thing as private property
The hereditary provinces of the Habsburg state included all of the following except.. Brandenburg
The decline of Spain in the seventeenth century can be attributed to all of following causes except.. conflict between the church and the state
The policies of Henry IV can be characterized all of following except... aggressive foreign policy
French intendants were almost always recruited from the ... new,judicial nobility
The Dutch "golden Age" was based on all of the following except.. a strong, monarchical government
The guiding force behind Cardinal Richelieu's domestic policies was.. the subordination of all groups and institutions to the monarchy
The English Navigation Act of 1651... required that English goods be transported on English ships
Louis XIII's decision to destroy Huguenot independence was based on... the Huguenots' refusal to allow Catholics freedom of worship in Huguenot cities
To solve their increasingly disastrous financial difficulties, Spanish monarchs often resorted to.. canceling the national debt
The English political philosopher Thomas Hobbes held that.. the power of the ruler was absolute but derived from an implicit contract with the goverened.
The decline of Dutch economy was caused by.. the wars of the seventeenth century
The center of the struggle between the French crown and the Huguenots in 1627 was... La Rochelle
What is the folly that the Duke of St. Simon feared would ruin the French nobility? Expending too much money on luxury and display
Mercantilistic theory postulated that.. government should intervene to secure the largest share of limited resources
The spark that caused the English Glorious Revolution was the... fear of a Catholic dynasty being established by James II
Which country had the highest living standards in Europe in the mid-seventeenth century? the Netherlands
A significant feature of English society in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was... growing wealth of the country gentry and middle-class businessmen
Between 1635 and 1659, the French Army increased by approximately how many times? Ten
The paulette, introduced by Henry IV, was... an annual fee paid by royal officials to guarantee heredity in their offices
John Locke was the great spokesman.. who defended James I's absolutist claims
The final collapse of Spain as a great military power was symbolized by the defeat at the Battle of.. Rocroi
The historical antecedent of the English cabinet system of government was the.. Cabal
Colbert's contributions to the economy of France included all of the following except.. creating a national bank
The memoirs of Gluckel of Hameln attest to all of the following except her... narrow and provincial view of the world
According to the text, how did the English House of Commons change between the early 16th century and the early 17th century? The members of the House of Commons in the early 17th century were generally wealthy gentry who were also capitalist businessmen. They were simply wealthier than the members in the early 16th century.
The primary instrument of Dutch overseas imperialism was the... Dutch East India Company
The state that gained the most from the War of Spanish Succession was... England
Typically, French classicism.. presented subject matter associated with the Greco-Roman past.
According to the text, what values consonant with business success did Calvinism promote? Hard work, thrift, and postponement of gratification
French foreign policy under Richelieu focused primarily on the... prevention of the Habsburgs from unifying the territories surrounding France
Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate is best described as a... Puritan, military dictatorship
Starvation and economic crisis in France in 1693-1694 were caused by all of the following except... a typhoid epidemic
According to The Memoirs of the Duke of Saint-Simon, Louis XIV moved the royal court from Paris to Versailles for all of the following reasons except... to lower the expenses of the court.
According to Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan, humans.. are naturally selfish and has a purely chaotic state of nature
When was Henry IV's reign? 1589-1610
When was Louis XIII's reign? 1610-1643
When was Louis XIV's reign? 1643-1715
When was the War of Devolution? 1667-1668
When was the Second Dutch War? 1672-1678
When was the War of the League of Augsburg? 1680-1697
When was the Spanish Succession? 1702-1713
What ended the War of Spanish Succession? The Treaty of Utrecht
When was James I's reign? 1603-1625
When was Charles I's reign? 1625-1649
When was James II's reign? 1685-1688
When was William and Mary's reign? 1688-1702
When was Frederick I's reign? 1688-1713
When was Frederick William I's reign? 1713-1740
When was Peter the Great's reign? 1682-1725
When was Ivan IV's reign? 1533-1584
Created by: moonkite on 2013-12-10



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