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Orchestra Terms

Quarter 1 Orchestra Vocabulary

accelerando (accel.) gradually growing faster
accidental chromatic alteration of a note from the key signature until the next barline (can be extended by a tie)
ad libitum (ad lib) at pleasure, at will
a due (a 2) for two parts
affetuoso tenderly, with feeling
alla breve 2/2 time, cut time
allargando getting slower and louder
amoroso with love, with warm feeling
animato or con anima lively, animated, spirited
appassionato or passione passionate, fervent
assai much, very
a tempo return to the original tempo
attacca continue without a pause
bravura great technical skill, virtuosity
brillante sparkling, spirited
cadenza a brilliant (often highly technical) solo, often found at the end of a movement or a piece
cadence the close of a melodic or harmonic phrase
calmando or calmato quieting down, subsiding
cantando or cantabile in a singing style, lyrical
capriccioso fanciful, freely
coda a concluding passage added to the form proper
con with
con brio with vigor, vigorously
con forza with force, strength
con fuoco with fire, passionately
con sordino with mute
con spirito or spiritoso with spirit
crescendo (cresc.) becoming louder
da capo (D.C.) from the beginning
dal segno (D.S.) from the sign
decrescendo (decresc.) becoming softer
diatonic notes within a given scale or key
diminuendo (dim.) becoming softer
divisi divided parts where there is normally one
dolce sweet, gentle
Created by: STrisko