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Temperature The measure of the average kinetic energy of the individual particles in an object
Three common scales Celsius, Fahrenheit, Kelvin
Fahrenheit scale The most commonly temperature scale used in the U.S.
Celsius scale Most commonly used scale
Kelvin scale Most commonly used scale for Physical science
Heat Is thermal energy moving from a warmer object to a cooler object
Specific heat A material with a high specific heat can absorb a great deal of thermal energy without a great change in temperature
Change in energy = Mass x Specific heat x Change in temperature
Heat is transferred by Conduction, convection, and radiation
Conduction heat is transferred from one particle of matter to another without the movement of matter itself
Convection Transfers heat within a fluid by the movement of currents
Radiation Is the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
If two objects have different temperature, Heat will flow from the warmer object to the colder one
Conductor A material that conducts heat well
Insulator A material that doesn't conduct heat well
States Solid, Liquid, and Gas
Change of State The physical change from one state of matter to another
Matter can change rom one state to another when Thermal energy is absorbed or released
Melting The change of state when a solid goes to a liquid
Freezing The change of state from a liquid to a solid
Evaporation If vaporization takes place at the surface of a liquid
Boiling Vaporization takes place at the bottom of a liquid
Condensation A change from the gas state to the liquid state
Thermal expansion The expanding of matter when it is heated
As the thermal energy of matter increases, Its particles spread out and the substance expands
Created by: livingsa