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Jaeger BTE Unit 3

BTE - Unit 3

Amino Acid The basic building block of proteins (or polypeptides). Containing a basic amino group, an acidic carboxyl (COOH) group and a side chain (R - of a number of different kinds) attached to an alpha carbon atom. b)The fundamental building blocks of a protein
Angstrom A unit of length equal to one ten-thousandth of a micron (10-4 micron) or 10-10 of a meter with adenine.
Bioinformatics Refers to the generation or creation, collection, storage (in databases), and efficient utilization of data or information from genomics, combinatorial chemistry, proteomics, and DNA sequencing research.
Biopharmaceuticals A therapeutic product created through the genetic manipulation of living things, including (but not limited to) proteins and monoclonalantibodies, peptides, and other molecules that are not chemically synthesized, along with gene therapies, cell therapies
Bioprocessing Using organisms or biologically derived macromolecules to carry out enzymatic reactions or to manufacture products
Bioreactor A container used for bioprocessing
BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) is a sequence comparison algorithm optimized for speed used to search sequence databases for optimal DNA sequence alignments
CODIS Combined DNA index system
DNA analysis The testing of DNA samples that exists on the evidence collected from a crime scene
DNA Profiling DNA fingerprinting is an individual's unique sequence of DNA base pairs, determined by exposing a sample of the person's DNA to molecular probes
DNA Replication The process of making an identical copy of a section of duplex (double-stranded) DNA, using existing DNA as a template for the synthesis of new DNA strands
Double Helix The normal structural configuration of DNA consisting of two helices winding about the same axis.
Electroporation A process utilized to introduce a foreign gene into the genome of an organism
Forensics Involves the collection, analysis, and interpretation of evidence to solve crimes; its purpose is to create doubt as to the testimony of the witness
Forensic Scientist A professional that analyzes and interprets DNA samples as well as other forms of evidence collected from a crime scene
Genetic Engineering The direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes. c) The technique of removing, modifying, or adding genes to a DNA molecule in order to change the information it contains.
cGMP current Good Manufacturing Practices
Microinjection Is a technique for introducing a solution of DNA into a cell using a fine microcapillary pipette.
Protein A large molecule composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific order, required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's cells, tissues, and organs
Transformation The modification of a genome by the external application of DNA from a cell of different genotype.
Thymine T, A nitrogen-containing base found in DNA
Prokaryote An organism lacking a true nucleus, such as a bacterium
Phenotype The detectable outward manifestations of a specific genotype
Nucelotides The subunit that polymerizes into nucleic acids (DNA or RNA). Each nucleotide consists of a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and one to three phosphate groups
Medical Examiner The person responsible for determining the state of the victims found at a crime scene and performs autopsies to assist with identifying the cause of death
Lead Investigator The person responsible for all forensic personnel assigned to the case being investigated
Genotype The total genetic, or hereditary, constitution that an individual receives from its parents
Forensic Technician A professional that collects evidence from a crime scene
Facial Reconstruction The modeling of a victim’s face for identification purposes
Eye witness A person that observes a crime and reports the details to law enforcement
Created by: kjaeger