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WGeo 7

Chapter 9 and 10 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
conquistador A name for the Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for spain
cultural convergence The contact and interaction of one culture with another.
caudillo A Latin American military dictator.
pampas A grasslands region in Argentina and Uruguay.
cay a small. low island or coral reef
coral The rock like skeleton of tiny sea animals.
tropical storm A storm with wind speeds of 39 mph or higher.
Hurricane A destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic Ocean, usually in late summer and early fall with winds of at least 74 mph
El Nino A warm ocean current off South Americas northwestern coast that influences golbal weather patterns.
canopy The upper most layer of a forest where the tree branches meet.
mestizo A person of mixed European and Native american heritage
mulatto a person of mixed African and European heritage.
market economy an economic system in which decisions about production, price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
GDP per capita The total value of good and services produced within a country in a year divided by the country's total population.
Command Economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods.
plateau an area of high flat land
peninsula a strip of land that juts out into an ocean
irrigation the watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers
sinkhole a hole formed when limestone is dissolved, causing the land above to collapse
hacienda a large Spanish owned estate in the Americas, often run as a farm or cattle ranch
land redistribution A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who gave little or none.
ejido farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community
subsistence farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or village.
latifundio a large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company
cash crop a farm crop grown for sale and profit.
migrant worker a worker who travels from place to place working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops.
nafta North American free Trade Agreement which phased out trade barriers among the United States,Canada, and Mexico.
maquiladora A factory in Mexico along the Unites States border that assemblese goods for export.
Created by: irodgers