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Chap. 5 Larson

What do you call the process of making food? Photosynthesis
Which diagram shows energy being passed on? Energy Pyramid
What is transpiration? The loss of water.
A green pigment that allows sunlight to be absorbed is______________. chlorophyll
A living thing that makes it's own food is a____________. producer
The transfer of food energy=_________________ food chain
A diagram that shows relationships between plants and animals= food web
A consumer that eats and breaks down dead things is a_______________________. decomposer
An animal that eats both meat and plants is a__________________. consumer
A community of organisms where living and non-living things live is a_________________. ecosystem
What is a source of energy for producers? sunlight
What type of organism is last in all food chains? decomposers
What three "ingredients" does a plant need for photosynthesis? carbon dioxide, sunlight, water
How much of an organism's energy is passed on to the organism that eats it? 10%
What two substances does photosynthesis make? sugar and air
What is another name for an herbivore? first level consumer
What is another name for a carnivore? 2nd level consumer
An example of a four-step food chain: grass, mice, snake, hawk
Why wouldn't a plant grow in a dark room? It needs sunlight to have photosynthesis to make food. If it can't it dies.
Why does the number of animals decrease as you move up the levels of an energy pyramid? You only get 10% each level. So many need so many.
What happens if the number of certain animals in a food chain decreases? If it decreases, an animal will increase